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Fat Mass Index (FMI) as a Trustworthy Overweight and Obesity Marker in Mexican Pediatric Population

Specialized Centre for Diabetes, Obesity and Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases, Mexico City 11650, Mexico
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Children 2020, 7(3), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/children7030019
Received: 21 January 2020 / Revised: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 26 February 2020 / Published: 10 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Global and Public Health)
Predictive formulas to estimate body composition in children have been explored for some time, to this date, the most accurate obesity diagnostic tool is to determine fat mass. The aim of this study is to establish cutoff points that allow for a precise interpretation of nutritional status using the Fat Mass Index (FMI) in a Mexican pediatric population. A literature review using PubMed and Cochrane databases was made, searching for research articles on childhood obesity that compared BMI, FM percentage, and FMI, as well as those proposing diagnostic cutoff points. Mathematic formulas and linear regressions were then used to make a proposal on accurate cutoff points for this population. Our findings show that FM percentage is less precise than BMI and FMI in diagnosing obesity, and FMI seems to be a more complete tool for assessment as it differentiates fat and muscle mass of the total body weight. Both BMI and FMI should be considered when clinical evaluations regarding weight, with BMI complementing FMI by establishing fat-free mass. Our proposed cutoff points need to be validated in this population. View Full-Text
Keywords: pediatric obesity; body mass index; adipose tissue pediatric obesity; body mass index; adipose tissue
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Alpízar, M.; Frydman, T.D.; Reséndiz-Rojas, J.J.; Trejo-Rangel, M.A.; Aldecoa-Castillo, J.M.D. Fat Mass Index (FMI) as a Trustworthy Overweight and Obesity Marker in Mexican Pediatric Population. Children 2020, 7, 19.

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