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Social Skills in Preschool Children from Teachers’ Perspectives

1
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud 3614773955, Iran
2
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Guilan 4199613776, Iran
3
Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences, Nord University, 8049 Bodø, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Children 2019, 6(5), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/children6050064
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 18 April 2019 / Accepted: 28 April 2019 / Published: 1 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Global and Public Health)
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Abstract

Preschool is one of the most important periods in a child’s life, and it can influence their social development. A lack of attention to this important life period can increase the risk of serious injuries to a child’s growth and development. The aim of this study was to examine the level of social skills in preschool children from teachers’ perspectives and investigate the relationship between social skills and the child’s environmental and cultural background. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 546 children studying in the preschool centers of Rasht city, Iran. They were selected using a multistage cluster sampling method. Data was gathered using the children’s and teachers’ demographic questionnaire and the Social Skills Rating System-Teachers (SSRS-T). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis via SPSS software. It was found that the majority of children had moderate skills in terms of cooperation, assertion, self-control, and total social skills. Also, a statistically significant association was reported between total social skill scores and the mother’s age, mother’s education level, mother’s job, family’s income, teacher teaching experiences, and number of children in each classroom. The Iranian children were at a relatively low risk of problems with social skills. To improve children’s social skills, more attention should be paid to factors related to familial and socioeconomic status such as income, parents’ education level, maternal age, teacher’s selection for this age group, and number of children in each classroom. View Full-Text
Keywords: Social skill; preschool children; teachers Social skill; preschool children; teachers
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Maleki, M.; Chehrzad, M.M.; Kazemnezhad Leyli, E.; Mardani, A.; Vaismoradi, M. Social Skills in Preschool Children from Teachers’ Perspectives. Children 2019, 6, 64.

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