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Children 2018, 5(3), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/children5030039

Some Socioeconomic Factors and Lifestyle Habits Influencing the Prevalence of Obesity among Adolescent Male Students in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia

1
Department of Clinical Nutrition, College of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, P.O. Box 2440, Hail 55462, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah 24231, Saudi Arabia
3
Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, University of Hail, Hail 55462, Saudi Arabia
4
Department of Histopathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail 55462, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 26 February 2018 / Accepted: 5 March 2018 / Published: 9 March 2018
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Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the effect of some socioeconomic factors and lifestyle habits on the prevalence of obesity among adolescent male students in the Hail region, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was filled by 1495 male adolescents distributed among 12 schools in the Hail region. Body weight and height were taken, and the Z-score of students was measured using Anthroplus software with a cutoff 1–2 and +2 standard deviations to determine overweight and obesity, respectively. The study revealed that 21.3% of students were overweight and 27% were obese, respectively. There was a negative association between family size of >8 and obesity (OR: 0.68, CI: 0.48–0.92, p = 0.05). Family income of <5000 SR was negatively associated with obesity (OR: 0.59, CI: 0.36–0.97, p = 0.03). Whether a subject’s mother worked (odds ratio (OR): 1.43, confidence interval CI: 1.03–1.99, p = 0.03) as well as the subject’s mother’s education—whether she can read and write, has a middle school degree, or has done postsecondary studies—were positively associated with obesity. Exercise, regardless of the duration, was negatively associated with obesity. In addition, sleeping <6 h/day had a positive association with obesity. Conclusion: a >8 family size and a low family income were negatively associated with obesity, while having an educated and working mother was positively associated with obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; hail region; socioeconomic factors; lifestyle habits; male adolescents obesity; hail region; socioeconomic factors; lifestyle habits; male adolescents
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Alazzeh, A.Y.; AlShammari, E.M.; Smadi, M.M.; Azzeh, F.S.; AlShammari, B.T.; Epuru, S.; Banu, S.; Bano, R.; Sulaiman, S.; Alcantara, J.C.; Ashraf, S.A.; Qiblawi, S. Some Socioeconomic Factors and Lifestyle Habits Influencing the Prevalence of Obesity among Adolescent Male Students in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia. Children 2018, 5, 39.

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