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Article

Effect of Integrated Neuromuscular Exercise in Physical Education Class on Health-Related Fitness in Female Children

Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eric Sobolewski
Healthcare 2021, 9(3), 312; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030312
Received: 14 January 2021 / Revised: 19 February 2021 / Accepted: 20 February 2021 / Published: 11 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Promotion of Health and Exercise)
Integrated neuromuscular training (INT) showed benefits for improving fundamental movement skills (FMS). However, the INT health-related fitness (HRF) effects are lacking. The current study aimed to determine the effects of INT implemented during physical education (PE) in a primary school in the Republic of Serbia on HRF in female children. The sample consisted of 72 healthy girls who were divided into the intervention (EG: n = 37; mean ± SD: age = 8.17 ± 0.31) and control (CG: n = 35; age = 8.11 ± 0.31) groups. The EG and CG performed the INT program and traditional PE activities two times per week within the first ~15 min of PE class, respectively. The Fitnessgram battery tests assessed the HRF (body composition, cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular fitness, and flexibility) before and after the program. After eight weeks, the EG significantly reduced all fat measures, while the CG decreased only triceps skinfold but to a smaller extent (F = 5.92, p < 0.02, ŋ2 = 0.09). Both groups significantly improved the performance of almost all muscular fitness tests (curl-ups, trunk lift, push-ups); however, the EG increased the push-ups more than the CG (F = 9.01, p < 0.01, ŋ2 = 0.14). The EG additionally improved the modified pull-ups (F = 14.09, p < 0.01, ŋ2 = 0.19) and flexed arm hang (F = 28.82, p < 0.01, ŋ2 = 0.33) tests. The flexibility and cardiorespiratory endurance of both groups did not significantly change after eight weeks. This approach of exercise showed positive acceptance and relatively good results after only eight weeks. View Full-Text
Keywords: neuromuscular exercise; physical activity; health; exercise intervention neuromuscular exercise; physical activity; health; exercise intervention
MDPI and ACS Style

Sinđić, M.; Mačak, D.; Todorović, N.; Purda, B.; Batez, M. Effect of Integrated Neuromuscular Exercise in Physical Education Class on Health-Related Fitness in Female Children. Healthcare 2021, 9, 312. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030312

AMA Style

Sinđić M, Mačak D, Todorović N, Purda B, Batez M. Effect of Integrated Neuromuscular Exercise in Physical Education Class on Health-Related Fitness in Female Children. Healthcare. 2021; 9(3):312. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030312

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sinđić, Marijana, Draženka Mačak, Nikola Todorović, Bianka Purda, and Maja Batez. 2021. "Effect of Integrated Neuromuscular Exercise in Physical Education Class on Health-Related Fitness in Female Children" Healthcare 9, no. 3: 312. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030312

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