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Article

Prevalence of Low Back Pain among Primary School Students from the City of Valencia (Spain)

1
Academic Unit of Physical Education, Body Languages Didactics Department, Teacher Training Faculty, University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
2
Public Health Department, Instituto Federal Goiano, Ceres 76300-000, Goias, Brazil
3
Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daniela Pierannunzio
Healthcare 2021, 9(3), 270; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030270
Received: 13 January 2021 / Revised: 26 February 2021 / Accepted: 1 March 2021 / Published: 3 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Child and Adolescent Health: Challenges and Perspectives)
It is well-known that low back pain (LBP) prevalence is high among school-age children. However, literature concerning the initial onset of back pain between the ages of three and eleven years is scarce. The present study aims to analyze the prevalence of LBP in kindergarten and primary school students. A total of 278 (9.9 ± 2.1 years old; 52.2% girls) students from two public kindergartens and primary schools in Valencia (Spain) participated in this cross-sectional study. The Nordic questionnaire on LBP was used to assess the onset and duration of LBP symptoms. The lifetime prevalence of LBP was 47.5% (n = 132), the last year’s prevalence was 44.2% (n = 123), and last week’s prevalence was 18.8% (n = 50). Boys and girls reported a lifetime prevalence of 52.3% (n = 64) and 47.7% (n = 63) (p = 0.186, Fisher’s exact test, 2-sided), respectively. By age group, lifetime episodes of LBP became more prevalent with increasing age (p < 0.001, Fisher’s exact test, 2-sided). In summary, our findings show that LBP increases with age and further strengthens the evidence that LBP onset could start as young as 10 years of age. View Full-Text
Keywords: back health; low back pain; prevalence; kindergarten; primary school; children back health; low back pain; prevalence; kindergarten; primary school; children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miñana-Signes, V.; Monfort-Pañego, M.; Bosh-Bivià, A.H.; Noll, M. Prevalence of Low Back Pain among Primary School Students from the City of Valencia (Spain). Healthcare 2021, 9, 270. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030270

AMA Style

Miñana-Signes V, Monfort-Pañego M, Bosh-Bivià AH, Noll M. Prevalence of Low Back Pain among Primary School Students from the City of Valencia (Spain). Healthcare. 2021; 9(3):270. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030270

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miñana-Signes, Vicente, Manuel Monfort-Pañego, Antonio H. Bosh-Bivià, and Matias Noll. 2021. "Prevalence of Low Back Pain among Primary School Students from the City of Valencia (Spain)" Healthcare 9, no. 3: 270. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9030270

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