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Article

Familial and Parental Predictors of Physical Activity in Late Adolescence: Prospective Analysis over a Two-Year Period

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Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
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PhD in Health Promotion and Cognitive Sciences, Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Unit, Department of Psychology Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, 90100 Palermo, Italy
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Mostar, 88000 Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Clinical Hospital Split, 21000 Split, Croatia
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Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, University of Tuzla, 75000 Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Janet McDonagh and Albert Farre
Healthcare 2021, 9(2), 132; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020132
Received: 8 January 2021 / Revised: 20 January 2021 / Accepted: 25 January 2021 / Published: 29 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adolescent and Young Adult Health through a Developmental Lens)
Children’s health behaviors are highly influenced by their parents and family. This study aimed to prospectively evaluate the parental/familial factors associated with physical activity levels (PALs) among older adolescents. The participants were 766 adolescents, who were prospectively observed at baseline (when they were 16 years of age), at first follow-up measurement (FU1; 17 years of age), and second follow-up measurement (FU2; 18 years of age). Sociodemographic factors (age, gender, socioeconomic status, and sport participation) and parental/familial variables were evaluated at baseline. PALs (evidenced by the Physical-Activity Questionnaire-for-Adolescents) were prospectively evidenced at baseline, FU1, and FU2. Factorial analysis of variance for repeated measurements showed a significant decrease in PALs during the study course (F = 83.05, p < 0.001). Sport participation and male gender were significant predictors of PALs at baseline, FU1, and FU2. Logistic regression, controlled for sport participation and male gender, evidenced paternal education as a significant predictor of baseline PALs. Parental conflict was a significant predictor of PALs in all three testing waves. The significant influence of paternal education on the children’s PALs existed from younger adolescence until the age of 17 years. The association between parental conflict and PALs developed in older adolescence. These results should be used in the development of specific and targeted interventions aimed at the improvement of PALs and a reduction of sedentarism in youth. View Full-Text
Keywords: puberty; physical activity; familial factors; predictors; risk factors puberty; physical activity; familial factors; predictors; risk factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sekulic, D.; Maric, D.; Versic, S.; Zevrnja, A.; Terzic, A.; Zenic, N. Familial and Parental Predictors of Physical Activity in Late Adolescence: Prospective Analysis over a Two-Year Period. Healthcare 2021, 9, 132. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020132

AMA Style

Sekulic D, Maric D, Versic S, Zevrnja A, Terzic A, Zenic N. Familial and Parental Predictors of Physical Activity in Late Adolescence: Prospective Analysis over a Two-Year Period. Healthcare. 2021; 9(2):132. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020132

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sekulic, Damir, Dora Maric, Sime Versic, Ante Zevrnja, Admir Terzic, and Natasa Zenic. 2021. "Familial and Parental Predictors of Physical Activity in Late Adolescence: Prospective Analysis over a Two-Year Period" Healthcare 9, no. 2: 132. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9020132

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