Next Article in Journal
Association of Maternal Observation and Motivation (MOM) Program with m-Health Support on Maternal and Newborn Health
Next Article in Special Issue
Comparison of Activity in Scapular Stabilizing Muscles during Knee Push-Up Plus and Modified Vojta’s 3-Point Support Exercises
Previous Article in Journal
Hand Hygiene Knowledge and Perception among the Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Qassim, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Previous Article in Special Issue
Long-Term Effect of Exercise on Irisin Blood Levels—Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Article

Effect of Cycle-Based High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate to Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training in Adolescent Soccer Players

1
College of Physical Education, Luoyang Normal University, Luoyang 471934, China
2
Department of Physical Education, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Gangneung 25457, Korea
3
Department of Sports Science Convergence, Dongguk University, Seoul 04620, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Filipe Manuel Clemente
Healthcare 2021, 9(12), 1628; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121628
Received: 30 October 2021 / Revised: 19 November 2021 / Accepted: 22 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sport and Exercise Medicine)
Cardiorespiratory fitness, anaerobic power, and lower extremity strength are essential for soccer players at all levels. An effective program should be developed to improve physical strength for adolescent soccer players who need to combine academic and technical training. This study analyzed the impact of short-term high intensity interval training (HIIT) training and traditional moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) on adolescent soccer players. Participants included 56 adolescent soccer players who were divided into HIIT and MICT groups. The training program was conducted 3 times a week for 4 weeks using cycle ergometer. Each session included the same resistance training program, and the characteristics of HIIT and MICT were applied to improve cardiorespiratory fitness and anaerobic power. Body composition analysis, graded exercise test for peak oxygen uptake (VO2 peak), Wingate anaerobic power test, and isokinetic knee strength test were performed. VO2 peak was improved in HIIT and MICT, but anaerobic threshold and heart rate recovery significantly improved in the HIIT group. Wingate anaerobic peak power had increased significantly in sets 1, 2, and 3 in the HIIT group, but showed significant improvement only in set 1 in the MICT group. The isokinetic strength improved significantly in the HIIT group at 60°/s and in the MICT group at 240°/s. There was no significant change in body composition in either group. In conclusion, short-term HIIT administered to adolescent soccer players effectively improved cardiorespiratory fitness in HIIT and MICT groups. While HIIT increased anaerobic threshold and power, MICT effectively improved muscle endurance. Short-term intensive training can be considered a time-efficient training strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-intensity interval training; moderate-intensity continuous training; anaerobic power; strength; cardiorespiratory fitness; soccer; adolescent; cycle-based training high-intensity interval training; moderate-intensity continuous training; anaerobic power; strength; cardiorespiratory fitness; soccer; adolescent; cycle-based training
MDPI and ACS Style

Fang, B.; Kim, Y.; Choi, M. Effect of Cycle-Based High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate to Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training in Adolescent Soccer Players. Healthcare 2021, 9, 1628. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121628

AMA Style

Fang B, Kim Y, Choi M. Effect of Cycle-Based High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate to Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training in Adolescent Soccer Players. Healthcare. 2021; 9(12):1628. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121628

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fang, Bin, Yonghwan Kim, and Moonyoung Choi. 2021. "Effect of Cycle-Based High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate to Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training in Adolescent Soccer Players" Healthcare 9, no. 12: 1628. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121628

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop