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Article

Association of Maternal Observation and Motivation (MOM) Program with m-Health Support on Maternal and Newborn Health

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College of Nursing, Mahalah Branch for Girls, King Khalid University, Khamis Mushaiyt 61421, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Pharmacology, University College of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Lahore, Lahore 55150, Pakistan
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Department of Pharmacology, College of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia
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Family and Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Menoufia University, Shibin el Kom 32511, Egypt
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Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Tabuk, Tabuk 71491, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Mental Health Nursing, Oxford School of Nursing & Midwifery, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford OX3 0FL, UK
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Regional Nursing Administration, Directorate of General Health Affair, Ministry of Health, Najran 21431, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia
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Georgia CTSA, Emory University Hospital, Atlanta, GA 30078, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Veronique Demers-Mathieu
Healthcare 2021, 9(12), 1629; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121629
Received: 27 October 2021 / Revised: 20 November 2021 / Accepted: 21 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maternal Nutrition on Neonatal Health)
Maternal and child nutrition has been a critical component of health, sustainable development, and progress in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). While a decrement in maternal mortality is an important indicator, simply surviving pregnancy and childbirth does not imply better maternal health. One of the fundamental obligations of nations under international human rights law is to enable women to endure pregnancy and delivery as an aspect of their enjoyment of reproductive and sexual health and rights and to live a dignified life. The aim of this study was to discover the correlation between the Maternal Observation and Motivation (MOM) program and m-Health support for maternal and newborn health. A comparative study was done among 196 pregnant mothers (study group—94; control group—102 mothers) with not less than 20 weeks of gestation. Maternal outcomes such as Hb and weight gain and newborn results such as birth weight and crown–heel length were obtained at baseline and at 28 and 36 weeks of gestation. Other secondary data collected were abortion, stillbirth, low birth weight, major congenital malformations, twin or triplet pregnancies, physical activity, and maternal well-being. The MOM intervention included initial face-to-face education, three in-person visits, and eight virtual health coaching sessions via WhatsApp. The baseline data on Hb of the mothers show that 31 (32.98%) vs. 27 (28.72%) mothers in the study and control group, respectively, had anemia, which improved to 27.66% and 14.98% among study group mothers at 28 and 36 weeks of gestation (p < 0.001). The weight gain (p < 0.001), level of physical activity (p < 0.001), and maternal well-being (p < 0.01) also had significant differences after the intervention. Even after controlling for potentially confounding variables, the maternal food practices regression model revealed that birth weight was directly correlated with the consumption of milk (p < 0.001), fruits (p < 0.01), and green vegetables (p < 0.05). As per the physical activity and maternal well-being regression model, the birth weight and crown–heel length were strongly related with the physical activity and maternal well-being of mothers at 36 weeks of gestation (p < 0.05). Combining the MOM intervention with standard antenatal care is a safe and effective way to improve maternal welfare while upholding pregnant mothers’ human rights. View Full-Text
Keywords: pregnant mothers; physical activity; maternal well-being; antenatal mothers; newborn outcomes; m-health; low birth weight; small for gestation; gestation age; hemoglobin pregnant mothers; physical activity; maternal well-being; antenatal mothers; newborn outcomes; m-health; low birth weight; small for gestation; gestation age; hemoglobin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Paulsamy, P.; Easwaran, V.; Ashraf, R.; Alshahrani, S.H.; Venkatesan, K.; Qureshi, A.A.; Arrab, M.M.; Prabahar, K.; Periannan, K.; Vasudevan, R.; Kandasamy, G.; Chidambaram, K.; Pappiya, E.M.; Venkatesan, K.; Manoharan, V. Association of Maternal Observation and Motivation (MOM) Program with m-Health Support on Maternal and Newborn Health. Healthcare 2021, 9, 1629. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121629

AMA Style

Paulsamy P, Easwaran V, Ashraf R, Alshahrani SH, Venkatesan K, Qureshi AA, Arrab MM, Prabahar K, Periannan K, Vasudevan R, Kandasamy G, Chidambaram K, Pappiya EM, Venkatesan K, Manoharan V. Association of Maternal Observation and Motivation (MOM) Program with m-Health Support on Maternal and Newborn Health. Healthcare. 2021; 9(12):1629. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121629

Chicago/Turabian Style

Paulsamy, Premalatha, Vigneshwaran Easwaran, Rizwan Ashraf, Shadia H. Alshahrani, Krishnaraju Venkatesan, Absar A. Qureshi, Mervat M. Arrab, Kousalya Prabahar, Kalaiselvi Periannan, Rajalakshimi Vasudevan, Geetha Kandasamy, Kumarappan Chidambaram, Ester M. Pappiya, Kumar Venkatesan, and Vani Manoharan. 2021. "Association of Maternal Observation and Motivation (MOM) Program with m-Health Support on Maternal and Newborn Health" Healthcare 9, no. 12: 1629. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121629

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