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Article

Hand Hygiene Knowledge and Perception among the Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Qassim, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey

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Department of Public Health, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, Qassim University, Buraydah 52741, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Medical Laboratories, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Buraydah 52571, Saudi Arabia
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School of Allied Health, Faculty of Health, Education, Medicine and Social Care, Anglia Ruskin University, Chelmsford CM1 1SQ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Maria Dolores Masia and Marco Dettori
Healthcare 2021, 9(12), 1627; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121627
Received: 24 October 2021 / Revised: 21 November 2021 / Accepted: 22 November 2021 / Published: 24 November 2021
Hand hygiene is among the most important factors of infection control in healthcare settings. Healthcare workers are the primary source of hospital-acquired infection. We assessed the current state of hand hygiene knowledge, perception, and practice among the healthcare workers in Qassim, Saudi Arabia. In this cross-sectional study, we used the hand hygiene knowledge and perception questionnaire developed by the World Health Organization. Knowledge and perceptions were classified into good (80–100%), moderate (60–79%), and poor (<60% score). The majority of the healthcare workers had moderate knowledge (57.8%) and perception (73.4%) of hand hygiene. Males were less likely to have moderate/good knowledge compared to females (OR: 0.52, p < 0.05). Private healthcare workers were less likely (OR: 0.33, p < 0.01) to have moderate/good perceptions compared to the government healthcare workers. Healthcare workers who received training on hand hygiene were more likely to have good/moderate perception (OR: 3.2, p < 0.05) and to routinely use alcohol-based hand rubs (OR: 3.8, p < 0.05) than the ones without such training. Physicians are more likely (OR: 4.9, p < 0.05) to routinely use alcohol-based hand rubs than technicians. Our research highlighted gaps in hand hygiene knowledge, perception and practice among healthcare workers in Qassim, Saudi Arabia and the importance of training in this regard. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthcare workers; hand hygiene; hospital-acquired infection; Saudi Arabia healthcare workers; hand hygiene; hospital-acquired infection; Saudi Arabia
MDPI and ACS Style

Abalkhail, A.; Mahmud, I.; Alhumaydhi, F.A.; Alslamah, T.; Alwashmi, A.S.S.; Vinnakota, D.; Kabir, R. Hand Hygiene Knowledge and Perception among the Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Qassim, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Healthcare 2021, 9, 1627. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121627

AMA Style

Abalkhail A, Mahmud I, Alhumaydhi FA, Alslamah T, Alwashmi ASS, Vinnakota D, Kabir R. Hand Hygiene Knowledge and Perception among the Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Qassim, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Healthcare. 2021; 9(12):1627. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121627

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abalkhail, Adil, Ilias Mahmud, Fahad A. Alhumaydhi, Thamer Alslamah, Ameen S.S. Alwashmi, Divya Vinnakota, and Russell Kabir. 2021. "Hand Hygiene Knowledge and Perception among the Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Qassim, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Survey" Healthcare 9, no. 12: 1627. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9121627

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