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Article

Factors Affecting Health-Promoting Behaviors in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease

by 1 and 2,*
1
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri City 11923, Korea
2
Department of Nursing, Daejeon University, Daejeon 34520, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2021, 9(1), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010060
Received: 23 October 2020 / Revised: 31 December 2020 / Accepted: 5 January 2021 / Published: 8 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Education and Health Promotion)
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death globally and the second most common cause of death in South Korea. Health-promoting behaviors recommended for patients with cardiovascular disease include control of diet, physical activity, cessation of smoking, medication adherence, and adherence to medical recommendations. This study aimed to determine the relationship between depression, anxiety, perception of health status, and health-promoting behavior in patients from South Korea who have suffered from cardiovascular disease. The study population comprised 161 patients at the cardiovascular center at H Hospital who were diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. Descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression were employed to analyze the data. Negative correlations existed between depression, perception of health status, and health-promoting behavior. By contrast, a positive correlation existed between the perception of health status and health-promoting behavior. The main factors affecting health-promoting behaviors were alcohol consumption, duration of diagnosis, perception of health status, and depression. These variables explained 15.8% of the variance. To prevent adverse cardiac events, patients who suffer from cardiovascular disease should be assessed as soon as possible to identify psychiatric symptoms, thereby developing a potential intervention aimed at decreasing negative illness consequences. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiovascular disease; health behavior; physical activity; depression; anxiety cardiovascular disease; health behavior; physical activity; depression; anxiety
MDPI and ACS Style

Park, H.-C.; Oh, J. Factors Affecting Health-Promoting Behaviors in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease. Healthcare 2021, 9, 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010060

AMA Style

Park H-C, Oh J. Factors Affecting Health-Promoting Behaviors in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease. Healthcare. 2021; 9(1):60. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010060

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Hwan-Cheol, and Jihyun Oh. 2021. "Factors Affecting Health-Promoting Behaviors in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease" Healthcare 9, no. 1: 60. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010060

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