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Open AccessArticle

Continuity of Care and the Quality of Life among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-Sectional Study in Taiwan

1
Department of Nursing, College of Health, National Taichung University of Science and Technology, Taichung City 40343, Taiwan
2
College of General Education, National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung City 41170, Taiwan
3
Institute of Allied Health Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
4
Kuang Tien General Hospital, Taichung, Taichung City 433401, Taiwan
5
Department of Nursing, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung City 40201, Taiwan
6
Department of Nursing, Hungkuang University, Taichung City 43302; Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2020, 8(4), 486; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8040486
Received: 6 October 2020 / Revised: 11 November 2020 / Accepted: 12 November 2020 / Published: 14 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Chronic Care)
Background: Understanding factors associated with the quality of life (QoL) of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is an important health issue. This study aimed to explore the correlation between continuity of care and quality of life in patients with T2DM and to probe for important explanatory factors affecting quality of life. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional correlation research design. Convenience sampling was adopted to recruit 157 patients, aged 20–80 years and diagnosed with T2DM in the medical ward of a regional hospital in central Taiwan. Results: The overall mean (standard deviation, SD) QOL score was 53.42 (9.48). Hierarchical regression linear analysis showed that age, depression, two variables of potential disability (movement and depression), and the inability to see a specific physician or maintain relational continuity with medical providers were important predictors that could effectively explain 62.0% of the variance of the overall QoL. Conclusions: The relationship between patients and physicians and maintaining relational continuity with the medical providers directly affect patients’ QoL during hospitalization and should be prioritized clinically. Timely interventions should be provided for older adult patients with T2DM, depression, or an inability to exercise to maintain their QoL. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; continuity of care; disability; type 2 diabetes quality of life; continuity of care; disability; type 2 diabetes
MDPI and ACS Style

Hsieh, P.-L.; Yang, F.-C.; Hu, Y.-F.; Chiu, Y.-W.; Chao, S.-Y.; Pai, H.-C.; Chen, H.-M. Continuity of Care and the Quality of Life among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-Sectional Study in Taiwan. Healthcare 2020, 8, 486. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8040486

AMA Style

Hsieh P-L, Yang F-C, Hu Y-F, Chiu Y-W, Chao S-Y, Pai H-C, Chen H-M. Continuity of Care and the Quality of Life among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-Sectional Study in Taiwan. Healthcare. 2020; 8(4):486. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8040486

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hsieh, Pei-Lun; Yang, Fu-Chi; Hu, Yi-Fang; Chiu, Yi-Wen; Chao, Shu-Yuan; Pai, Hsiang-Chu; Chen, Hsiao-Mei. 2020. "Continuity of Care and the Quality of Life among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-Sectional Study in Taiwan" Healthcare 8, no. 4: 486. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8040486

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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