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Article

Psycho-Emotional Approach to the Psychological Distress Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study

1
Department of Psychology, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, Dos Hermanas, 41704 Sevilla, Spain
2
Department of Sociology, Social Work and Public Health, Faculty of Labour Sciences, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
3
Safety and Health Postgraduate Programme, Universidad Espíritu Santo, Guayaquil 092301, Ecuador
4
Department of Social, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, Psychology, and Sports Sciences, University of Huelva, 21007 Huelva, Spain
5
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Co-first authors, these authors contributed equally to this work and should be regarded as equal.
Senior authors, these authors contributed equally to this work and should be regarded as equal.
Healthcare 2020, 8(3), 190; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030190
Received: 30 May 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 23 June 2020 / Published: 28 June 2020
Anxiety, depression, and stress are common and expected reactions to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. The objective of this study is to analyze psychological distress in a sample of Spanish population, identifying the predictive nature of the information received, the preventive measures taken, level of concern, beliefs, and knowledge about the infection. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on a sample of 4615 participants. Data were collected through a self-prepared questionnaire and the general health questionnaire (GHQ-12). Bivariate analyses and logistic regressions were performed. Of the total participants, 71.98% presented psychological distress. The study population actively sought information about coronavirus, expressed a high level of concern and knowledge, and the most frequent preventive behavior was hand washing. As predictive factors, the degree of concern for COVID-19 was identified (odds ratio (OR) = 1.244, 95% confidence interval (CI) = [1.179, 1.312]), the number of hours spent consulting information on COVID-19 (OR = 1.038, 95% CI = [1.009, 1.068]), or the need for psychological support (OR = 1.135, 95% CI = [1.094, 1.177]), among others. These results could help design more effective strategies towards a psycho-emotional approach for the population when in similar health crisis situations. There is a need for interventions aimed at the psychological well-being of the population that meet the needs of their reality. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; psychological distress; pandemic; disease prevention; mental health; public health; novel coronavirus COVID-19; psychological distress; pandemic; disease prevention; mental health; public health; novel coronavirus
MDPI and ACS Style

Domínguez-Salas, S.; Gómez-Salgado, J.; Andrés-Villas, M.; Díaz-Milanés, D.; Romero-Martín, M.; Ruiz-Frutos, C. Psycho-Emotional Approach to the Psychological Distress Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study. Healthcare 2020, 8, 190. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030190

AMA Style

Domínguez-Salas S, Gómez-Salgado J, Andrés-Villas M, Díaz-Milanés D, Romero-Martín M, Ruiz-Frutos C. Psycho-Emotional Approach to the Psychological Distress Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study. Healthcare. 2020; 8(3):190. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030190

Chicago/Turabian Style

Domínguez-Salas, Sara, Juan Gómez-Salgado, Montserrat Andrés-Villas, Diego Díaz-Milanés, Macarena Romero-Martín, and Carlos Ruiz-Frutos. 2020. "Psycho-Emotional Approach to the Psychological Distress Related to the COVID-19 Pandemic in Spain: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study" Healthcare 8, no. 3: 190. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030190

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