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Open AccessArticle

Parental Influence in Forming Preschool Children’s Eating Behaviors—A Cross-Sectional Survey in Chongqing, China

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College of Pre-school Education, Chongqing University of Education, Chongqing 400067, China
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Children’s Research Institute, Chongqing University of Education, Chongqing 400067, China
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Chongqing Collaborative Innovation Center for Functional Food, Chongqing University of Education, Chongqing 400067, China
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Family Education Guidance Center for 0-6 Years Old, Chongqing University of Education, Chongqing 400067, China
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School of Public Health and Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
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Department of Public Health, Our Lady of Fatima University, Valenzuela 838, Philippines
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Faculty of Teacher Education, Yangtze Normal University, Chongqing 408100, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Healthcare 2019, 7(4), 140; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7040140
Received: 11 September 2019 / Revised: 21 October 2019 / Accepted: 4 November 2019 / Published: 7 November 2019
Children’s eating habits are closely related to their health problems and the outlook for children’s nutritional statuses appears poor. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among parents of preschool children from December 2018 to January 2019. Sixteen representative kindergartens in 6 districts of Chongqing, China, were included in the study. We took 2200 samples and collected information by questionnaire and after screening, 1781 questionnaires were valid and finally included in the data analysis (n = 1781). Ordinal logistic regression analysis found that age, fathers’ education level, forced diet and perception of children’s body shape were factors associated with children’s eating behaviors (ordered logistic regression/three-level eating behavior; odds ratios p < 0.05). 80.24% of preschool children may have unhealthy eating behavior in this survey and 80.35% of parents had forced their children to eat. Eating behaviors of preschool children in Chongqing are closely related to family factors. This study provides important insight for parents and health care workers in China to improve preschool-aged children’s nutritional behaviors. Intervention programs should focus on parents with low income, low education levels, coercive dietary behaviors and deviated body shape perceptions to reduce children’s eating behavioral problems.
Keywords: eating behavior; preschool children; parent influence; nutrition; China eating behavior; preschool children; parent influence; nutrition; China
MDPI and ACS Style

Hu, H.; Yang, C.; Tan, F.; Zhao, X.; Du, X.; Liang, J.; Wu, T.; Wang, H.; Qiu, Z.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, J.; Liu, W. Parental Influence in Forming Preschool Children’s Eating Behaviors—A Cross-Sectional Survey in Chongqing, China. Healthcare 2019, 7, 140.

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