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Article

Exploring the Quality of Life Related to Health and Vision in a Group of Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy

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Hospital of Mendaro, Integrated Health Organization Debabarrena, 20850 Gipuzkoa, Spain
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Department of Health Sciences, University of Burgos, 09001 Burgos, Spain
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Point of Continued Attention Iztieta, Integrated Health Organization Donostialdea, 20004 Gipuzkoa, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Christiano Argano
Healthcare 2022, 10(1), 142; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010142
Received: 25 November 2021 / Revised: 5 January 2022 / Accepted: 10 January 2022 / Published: 12 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diabetes and Comorbidities)
(1) Background: Visual impairment of people with diabetic retinopathy (DR) and its high impact on different dimensions of their lives can cause a significant deterioration in the quality of life. The aim of this study was to examine the association and relationship between quality of life related to vision and the relevant clinical and sociodemographic variables in a group of patients with DR in Spain. (2) Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in all patients with DR over 18 years under follow-up in the Retina Service of the University Hospital of Burgos (HUBU), recruited during the months of January and February 2020. The main study variable was quality of life related to health and vision, obtained using the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 (NEI-VFQ-25). (3) Results: In total 87 participants made up the sample, and significant differences were found in the NEI-VFQ-25 according to gender, type of diabetes, episodes of decompensated diabetes and high blood pressure (HBP) (p < 0.05). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was also correlated with the NEI-VFQ-25 (p < 0.05). (4) Conclusions: These data could facilitate the design of action protocols focused on the well-being of the patient, in addition to considering the clinical characteristics. Further studies are needed to help understand the causal relationship between variables and that includes a wider variety of factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; diabetic retinopathy; visual function; care quality improvement; quality of life diabetes mellitus; diabetic retinopathy; visual function; care quality improvement; quality of life
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MDPI and ACS Style

Roberts-Martínez Aguirre, I.; Rodríguez-Fernández, P.; González-Santos, J.; Aguirre-Juaristi, N.; Alonso-Santander, N.; Mielgo-Ayuso, J.; González-Bernal, J.J. Exploring the Quality of Life Related to Health and Vision in a Group of Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy. Healthcare 2022, 10, 142. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010142

AMA Style

Roberts-Martínez Aguirre I, Rodríguez-Fernández P, González-Santos J, Aguirre-Juaristi N, Alonso-Santander N, Mielgo-Ayuso J, González-Bernal JJ. Exploring the Quality of Life Related to Health and Vision in a Group of Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy. Healthcare. 2022; 10(1):142. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010142

Chicago/Turabian Style

Roberts-Martínez Aguirre, Ian, Paula Rodríguez-Fernández, Josefa González-Santos, Nerea Aguirre-Juaristi, Nuria Alonso-Santander, Juan Mielgo-Ayuso, and Jerónimo J. González-Bernal. 2022. "Exploring the Quality of Life Related to Health and Vision in a Group of Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy" Healthcare 10, no. 1: 142. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010142

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