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Open AccessArticle

Pilot Study of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) Cessation Methods

College of Pharmacy, Ferris State University, Big Rapids, MI 49307, USA
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Pharmacy 2021, 9(1), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9010021
Received: 5 December 2020 / Revised: 8 January 2021 / Accepted: 12 January 2021 / Published: 14 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmacist Services Ⅱ)
Currently, 7.6% of the U.S. young adults aged 18–24 years old use e-cigarettes. This study piloted three methods of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) cessation by measuring cessation rates, motivational techniques that contributed to cessation success, and participants’ changes after decreasing vape use. Participants were randomized into three study arms (nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) + behavioral support, vape-taper + behavioral support, self-guided) in a 1:1:1 ratio. All participants were invited to attend nine in-person or phone appointments over the 6-month study period. At 12 weeks, 3 of 7 (42.9%) participants in the NRT + behavioral support arm, 6 of 8 (75%) vape-taper + behavioral support arm, and 7 of 9 (77.8%) self-guided arm self-reported being vape-free and nicotine-free. At 6 months, 3 of 7 (42.9%) participants in the NRT + behavioral support arm, 6 of 8 (75%) vape-taper + behavioral support arm, and 4 of 9 (44.4%) self-guided arm self-reported being vape-free and nicotine-free. A challenge to quitting and remain quit is social pressures, but participants identified self-control and establishing new habits to be the best methods to overcome the desire to vape. Participants who received behavioral support and a vape-taper plan from pharmacists were more likely to be vape-free and nicotine-free at 6 months. View Full-Text
Keywords: electronic nicotine delivery systems; vaping; cessation; nicotine addiction electronic nicotine delivery systems; vaping; cessation; nicotine addiction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sahr, M.; Kelsh, S.; Blower, N.; Sohn, M. Pilot Study of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) Cessation Methods. Pharmacy 2021, 9, 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9010021

AMA Style

Sahr M, Kelsh S, Blower N, Sohn M. Pilot Study of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) Cessation Methods. Pharmacy. 2021; 9(1):21. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9010021

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sahr, Michelle; Kelsh, Shelby; Blower, Noah; Sohn, Minji. 2021. "Pilot Study of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) Cessation Methods" Pharmacy 9, no. 1: 21. https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy9010021

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