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Pharmacy Practice and Education in Romania

Faculty of Pharmacy, Titu Maiorescu University, 22, Dâmbovnicului, Sector 4, 040441 Bucharest, Romania
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, 6th Traian Vuia, Sector 2, 020956 Bucharest, Romania
Pharmacolor Consultants Nancy, 12 rue de Versigny, 54600 Villers, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmacy 2018, 6(1), 5;
Received: 14 December 2017 / Revised: 3 January 2018 / Accepted: 5 January 2018 / Published: 8 January 2018
The PHARMINE (“Pharmacy Education in Europe”) project examined the organisation of pharmacy practice and education in the European Union (EU). An electronic survey was sent out to representatives of different sectors (community, hospital, industrial pharmacists, university staff, and students) in each individual EU member state. This paper presents the results of the PHARMINE survey on pharmacy practice and education in Romania. In the light of this data we examine to what extent harmonisation of practice and education with EU norms has occurred, whether this has promoted mobility of pharmacy professionals, academics and students, and what impact it has had on healthcare in Romania. The survey reveals the substantial changes in Romanian pharmacy practice and education since the 1989 change in government and Romania joining the EU in 2007. Romania remains, however, a poor country with expenditure on healthcare less than one-third of the EU average. This factor also impacts pharmacy practice. Although practice seems aligned with EU norms, this masks the substantial imbalance between the situation in the richer capital, Bucharest, and that of the poorer countryside. Harmonisation to EU norms in pharmacy education has not promoted student exchange and mobility but, rather, a brain drain in pharmaceutical graduates to other EU countries. Specialisation in industrial practice has been lost since 1989 with pharmacists being replaced by chemists. In hospitals the hospital pharmacist is being replaced by the clinical pharmacist. View Full-Text
Keywords: pharmacy; education; practice; Romania; European Union pharmacy; education; practice; Romania; European Union
MDPI and ACS Style

Sandulovici, R.; Mircioiu, C.; Rais, C.; Atkinson, J. Pharmacy Practice and Education in Romania. Pharmacy 2018, 6, 5.

AMA Style

Sandulovici R, Mircioiu C, Rais C, Atkinson J. Pharmacy Practice and Education in Romania. Pharmacy. 2018; 6(1):5.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sandulovici, Roxana, Constantin Mircioiu, Cristina Rais, and Jeffrey Atkinson. 2018. "Pharmacy Practice and Education in Romania" Pharmacy 6, no. 1: 5.

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