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Article

Aircraft Requirements for Sustainable Regional Aviation

1
Institute of Aircraft Design, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
2
Aircraft Development and Systems Engineering (ADSE) BV, 2132 LR Hoofddorp, The Netherlands
3
Embraer Research and Technology Europe—Airholding S.A., 2615–315 Alverca do Ribatejo, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Ola Isaksson
Aerospace 2021, 8(3), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8030061
Received: 11 December 2020 / Revised: 9 February 2021 / Accepted: 18 February 2021 / Published: 26 February 2021
Recently, the new Green Deal policy initiative was presented by the European Union. The EU aims to achieve a sustainable future and be the first climate-neutral continent by 2050. It targets all of the continent’s industries, meaning aviation must contribute to these changes as well. By employing a systems engineering approach, this high-level task can be split into different levels to get from the vision to the relevant system or product itself. Part of this iterative process involves the aircraft requirements, which make the goals more achievable on the system level and allow validation of whether the designed systems fulfill these requirements. Within this work, the top-level aircraft requirements (TLARs) for a hybrid-electric regional aircraft for up to 50 passengers are presented. Apart from performance requirements, other requirements, like environmental ones, are also included. To check whether these requirements are fulfilled, different reference missions were defined which challenge various extremes within the requirements. Furthermore, figures of merit are established, providing a way of validating and comparing different aircraft designs. The modular structure of these aircraft designs ensures the possibility of evaluating different architectures and adapting these figures if necessary. Moreover, different criteria can be accounted for, or their calculation methods or weighting can be changed. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid-electric propulsion; regional air travel; alternate airports; top-level aircraft requirements; figures of merit; aircraft design hybrid-electric propulsion; regional air travel; alternate airports; top-level aircraft requirements; figures of merit; aircraft design
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MDPI and ACS Style

Eisenhut, D.; Moebs, N.; Windels, E.; Bergmann, D.; Geiß, I.; Reis, R.; Strohmayer, A. Aircraft Requirements for Sustainable Regional Aviation. Aerospace 2021, 8, 61. https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8030061

AMA Style

Eisenhut D, Moebs N, Windels E, Bergmann D, Geiß I, Reis R, Strohmayer A. Aircraft Requirements for Sustainable Regional Aviation. Aerospace. 2021; 8(3):61. https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8030061

Chicago/Turabian Style

Eisenhut, Dominik, Nicolas Moebs, Evert Windels, Dominique Bergmann, Ingmar Geiß, Ricardo Reis, and Andreas Strohmayer. 2021. "Aircraft Requirements for Sustainable Regional Aviation" Aerospace 8, no. 3: 61. https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace8030061

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