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Perpetual Solar-Powered Flight across Regions around the World for a Year-Long Operation

School of Aerospace Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang 14300, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Javaan Chahl, David Anderson and Michael Wing
Aerospace 2017, 4(2), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace4020020
Received: 16 January 2017 / Revised: 4 April 2017 / Accepted: 7 April 2017 / Published: 11 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Unmanned Aerial Systems)
This study aims to promote the conventional solar-powered unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to be used as a satellite known as a pseudo-satellite (pseudolite). The applications of UAV as a satellite are still in the initial stages because these proposed UAVs are required to fly for long hours at a specified altitude. Any solar-powered system requires extensive mission operation planning to ensure sufficient power to sustain a level flight. This study simulates the optimal UAV configurations at various global locations, and determines the feasibility of a solar-powered UAV to sustain a continuous mission. This study is divided into two different phases. An all-year operation of the average UAV (AVUAV) is simulated in Phase One and is designed specifically for each of 12 cities, namely, Ottawa, Honolulu, Quito, Tahiti, Brasilia, London, Riyadh, Tokyo, Kuala Lumpur, Accra, Port Louis, and Suva. Phase Two is a simulation of a solar-powered UAV design model known as 1UAV, applicable to any city around the world for a year-long flight. The findings state that a single UAV design is sufficient to operate continuously around the world if its detailed mission path planning has been defined. View Full-Text
Keywords: solar-powered aircraft; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV); global; perpetual flight; pseudo-satellite; solar irradiance solar-powered aircraft; unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV); global; perpetual flight; pseudo-satellite; solar irradiance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rajendran, P.; Masral, M.H.; Kutty, H.A. Perpetual Solar-Powered Flight across Regions around the World for a Year-Long Operation. Aerospace 2017, 4, 20.

AMA Style

Rajendran P, Masral MH, Kutty HA. Perpetual Solar-Powered Flight across Regions around the World for a Year-Long Operation. Aerospace. 2017; 4(2):20.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rajendran, Parvathy; Masral, Muhammad H.; Kutty, Hairuniza A. 2017. "Perpetual Solar-Powered Flight across Regions around the World for a Year-Long Operation" Aerospace 4, no. 2: 20.

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