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Open AccessArticle

Gaskinetic Modeling on Dilute Gaseous Plume Impingement Flows

Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics, The Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931, USA
Academic Editors: Hossein Zare-Behtash and Kiran Ramesh
Aerospace 2016, 3(4), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace3040043
Received: 9 November 2016 / Revised: 4 December 2016 / Accepted: 6 December 2016 / Published: 9 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluid-Structure Interactions)
This paper briefly reviews recent work on gaseous plume impingement flows. As the major part of this paper, also included are new comprehensive studies on high-speed, collisionless, gaseous, circular jet impinging on a three-dimensional, inclined, diffuse or specular flat plate. Gaskinetic theories are adopted to study the problems, and several crucial geometry-location and velocity-direction relations are used. The final complete results include impingement surface properties such as pressure, shear stress, and heat flux. From these surface properties, averaged coefficients of pressure, friction, heat flux, moment over the entire flat plate, and the distance from the moment center to the flat plate center are obtained. The final results include accurate integrations involving the geometry and specific speed ratios, inclination angle, and the temperature ratio. Several numerical simulations with the direct simulation Monte Carlo method validate these analytical results, and the results are essentially identical. The gaskinetic method and processes are heuristic and can be used to investigate other external high Knudsen (Kn) number impingement flow problems, including the flow field and surface properties for a high Knudsen number jet from an exit and flat plate of arbitrary shapes. The results are expected to find many engineering applications, especially in aerospace and space engineering. View Full-Text
Keywords: plume flows; plume impingement; surface properties; gaskinetic method; DSMC simulations plume flows; plume impingement; surface properties; gaskinetic method; DSMC simulations
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Cai, C. Gaskinetic Modeling on Dilute Gaseous Plume Impingement Flows. Aerospace 2016, 3, 43.

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