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Traditional Uses of Medicinal Plants by Ethnic People in the Kavrepalanchok District, Central Nepal
Open AccessArticle

Ethnomedicinal Plant Knowledge of the Karen in Thailand

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
2
Sireeruckhacharti Nature Learning Park, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom 73170, Thailand
3
Department of Biology, Faculty of Natural Science, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
4
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
5
Research Center in Bioresources for Agriculture, Industry and Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(7), 813; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9070813
Received: 2 June 2020 / Revised: 22 June 2020 / Accepted: 26 June 2020 / Published: 29 June 2020
The Thai Karen, the largest hill-tribe in Thailand, guard substantial ethnomedicinal plant knowledge, as documented in several studies that targeted single villages. Here, we have compiled information from all the reliable and published sources to present a comprehensive overview of the Karen ethnomedicinal plant knowledge. Our dataset covers 31 Karen villages distributed over eight provinces in Thailand. We used the Cultural Importance Index (CI) to determine which species were the most valuable to the Karen and the Informant Consensus Factor (ICF) to evaluate how well distributed the knowledge of ethnomedicinal plants was in various medicinal use categories. In the 31 Karen villages, we found 3188 reports of ethnomedicinal plant uses of 732 species in 150 plant families. Chromolaena odorata, Biancaea sappan, and Tinospora crispa were the most important medicinal plants, with the highest CI values. The Leguminosae, Asteraceae, Zingiberaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Lamiaceae, Acanthaceae, Apocynaceae, and Menispermaceae were the families with the highest CI values in the mentioned order. A high proportion of all the 3188 Karen use reports were used to treat digestive, general and unspecified, musculoskeletal, and skin disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: medicinal plants; traditional knowledge; ethnic group; ethnobotany; important plants medicinal plants; traditional knowledge; ethnic group; ethnobotany; important plants
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Phumthum, M.; Balslev, H.; Kantasrila, R.; Kaewsangsai, S.; Inta, A. Ethnomedicinal Plant Knowledge of the Karen in Thailand. Plants 2020, 9, 813.

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