Next Article in Journal
Comparative Phenotypical and Molecular Analyses of Arabidopsis Grown under Fluorescent and LED Light
Next Article in Special Issue
Occurrence and Biosynthesis of Alkyl Hydroxycinnamates in Plant Lipid Barriers
Previous Article in Journal
FLOWERING LOCUS T Triggers Early and Fertile Flowering in Glasshouse Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz)
Review

The Unique Role of the ECERIFERUM2-LIKE Clade of the BAHD Acyltransferase Superfamily in Cuticular Wax Metabolism

Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Bird
Plants 2017, 6(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants6020023
Received: 29 April 2017 / Revised: 27 May 2017 / Accepted: 1 June 2017 / Published: 13 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Plant Cuticle)
The elongation of very-long-chain fatty acids is a conserved process used for the production of many metabolites, including plant cuticular waxes. The elongation of precursors of the most abundant cuticular wax components of some plants, however, is unique in requiring ECERIFERUM2-LIKE (CER2-LIKE) proteins. CER2-LIKEs are a clade within the BAHD superfamily of acyltransferases. They are known to be required for cuticular wax production in both Arabidopsis and maize based on mutant studies. Heterologous expression of Arabidopsis and rice CER2-LIKEs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has demonstrated that they modify the chain-length specificity of elongation when paired with particular condensing enzymes. Despite sequence homology, CER2-LIKEs are distinct from the BAHD superfamily in that they do not appear to use acyl transfer activity to fulfill their biological function. Here, we review the discovery and characterization of CER2-LIKEs, propose several models to explain their function, and explore the importance of CER2-LIKE proteins for the evolution of plant cuticles. View Full-Text
Keywords: cuticle; very-long-chain fatty acids; eceriferum; BAHD acyltransferase; elongation; evolution cuticle; very-long-chain fatty acids; eceriferum; BAHD acyltransferase; elongation; evolution
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Haslam, T.M.; Gerelle, W.K.; Graham, S.W.; Kunst, L. The Unique Role of the ECERIFERUM2-LIKE Clade of the BAHD Acyltransferase Superfamily in Cuticular Wax Metabolism. Plants 2017, 6, 23. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants6020023

AMA Style

Haslam TM, Gerelle WK, Graham SW, Kunst L. The Unique Role of the ECERIFERUM2-LIKE Clade of the BAHD Acyltransferase Superfamily in Cuticular Wax Metabolism. Plants. 2017; 6(2):23. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants6020023

Chicago/Turabian Style

Haslam, Tegan M., Wesley K. Gerelle, Sean W. Graham, and Ljerka Kunst. 2017. "The Unique Role of the ECERIFERUM2-LIKE Clade of the BAHD Acyltransferase Superfamily in Cuticular Wax Metabolism" Plants 6, no. 2: 23. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants6020023

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop