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Open AccessArticle

Modeling of Macroscopic Building Evacuation Using IFC Data

College of Geographic Science, Nantong University, Nantong 226019, China
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment, Nanjing Normal University, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China
State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Geographical Environment Evolution (Jiangsu Province), Nanjing 210023, China
Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(8), 302;
Received: 31 May 2018 / Revised: 23 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 29 July 2018
PDF [12234 KB, uploaded 29 July 2018]


Presently, most models of crowd evacuations within a building are created manually. This is inefficient. To address this issue, this paper focuses on the differences and relationship between industry foundation classes (IFC) and the macroscopic network model for evacuation (MNME), and studies the mapping and construction methods used to convert entity objects into nodes and arcs in the MNME. Furthermore, corresponding attribute information in the MNME are established from IFC. Based on this process, the MNME is created and used as an input to EVACNET4 to obtain simulation results. Finally, the results, together with a 3D building model, are expressed in a unified environment. Our study results show that a network as well as the relevant attributes can be automatically generated from IFC, and can be adapted to different working conditions. The method proposed in this paper can automatically map the semantic information model to the MNME and the simulation result as well as the building model can be integrated in a Geographic Information System (GIS) environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: building; crowd evacuation; scene modeling; macroscopic network model for evacuation (MNME); EVACNET4 model building; crowd evacuation; scene modeling; macroscopic network model for evacuation (MNME); EVACNET4 model

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhu, Z.; Zhou, L.; Zhang, C.; Lin, B.; Cui, Y.; Che, M. Modeling of Macroscopic Building Evacuation Using IFC Data. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 302.

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