Next Article in Journal
Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies in Public Health
Next Article in Special Issue
Automation of Building Permission by Integration of BIM and Geospatial Data
Previous Article in Journal
Automatic Parametrization and Shadow Analysis of Roofs in Urban Areas from ALS Point Clouds with Solar Energy Purposes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of a Conceptual Mapping Standard to Link Building and Geospatial Information
Open AccessArticle

Modeling of Macroscopic Building Evacuation Using IFC Data

1
College of Geographic Science, Nantong University, Nantong 226019, China
2
Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment, Nanjing Normal University, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210023, China
3
State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Geographical Environment Evolution (Jiangsu Province), Nanjing 210023, China
4
Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application, Nanjing 210023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(8), 302; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7080302
Received: 31 May 2018 / Revised: 23 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 29 July 2018
Presently, most models of crowd evacuations within a building are created manually. This is inefficient. To address this issue, this paper focuses on the differences and relationship between industry foundation classes (IFC) and the macroscopic network model for evacuation (MNME), and studies the mapping and construction methods used to convert entity objects into nodes and arcs in the MNME. Furthermore, corresponding attribute information in the MNME are established from IFC. Based on this process, the MNME is created and used as an input to EVACNET4 to obtain simulation results. Finally, the results, together with a 3D building model, are expressed in a unified environment. Our study results show that a network as well as the relevant attributes can be automatically generated from IFC, and can be adapted to different working conditions. The method proposed in this paper can automatically map the semantic information model to the MNME and the simulation result as well as the building model can be integrated in a Geographic Information System (GIS) environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: building; crowd evacuation; scene modeling; macroscopic network model for evacuation (MNME); EVACNET4 model building; crowd evacuation; scene modeling; macroscopic network model for evacuation (MNME); EVACNET4 model
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, Z.; Zhou, L.; Zhang, C.; Lin, B.; Cui, Y.; Che, M. Modeling of Macroscopic Building Evacuation Using IFC Data. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 302.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop