Table of Contents
Universe, Volume 6, Issue 5 (May 2020) – 10 articles
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Cover Story (view full-size image) This article presents aspects of relativistic heavy-ion collisions at energies reached at the [...] Read more. This article presents aspects of relativistic heavy-ion collisions at energies reached at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider RHIC and the Large Hadron Collider LHC. A phenomenological viewpoint with experimental data as a guiding principle is taken, but the emphasis is on nonequilibrium statistics and quantum chromodynamics (QCD). The rapid local equilibration of gluons and quarks in the initial stages of a relativistic heavy-ion collision is being modeled through exact analytical solutions of a nonlinear diffusion equation. On a similar time scale, stopping is accounted for in a QCD-inspired approach. The abundant production of charged mesons is discussed in a linear three-source relativistic diffusion model. An investigation of the dissociation of quarkonia in the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) provides insights into its properties.View this paper.