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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex., Volume 5, Issue 2 (June 2019)

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Open AccessArticle
Port Digitalization with Open Data: Challenges, Opportunities, and Integrations
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020030
Received: 10 April 2019 / Revised: 13 May 2019 / Accepted: 13 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
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Abstract
Digitalization is frequently addressed in recent economic and social scientific literature. This paper applies a distinction to digital data (raw data) and digital technologies (including both software platforms and hardware solutions). The open data is defined as follows: it is publicly available and [...] Read more.
Digitalization is frequently addressed in recent economic and social scientific literature. This paper applies a distinction to digital data (raw data) and digital technologies (including both software platforms and hardware solutions). The open data is defined as follows: it is publicly available and non-chargeable data (information content) that is machine readable. Open data enables software and application development for external partners and users. A common feature in open-data applications is location-based identification (e.g., real-time traffic monitoring). These include spatial map visualizations, and monitoring of traffic and modes of transport. This visualized information provides additional support for data-based decision-making and management as these study results indicate. This information is valuable particularly in the decisions concerning unconventional and sudden events. This research indicates that the most suitable data resources for opening include information related to port transport infrastructure. In terms of temporal monitoring, static road and rail data is currently the most potential alternative for open data in ports. The main reasons are that these data sources are already at least partly published. However, they are not always in open-data formats. Static data is also a grounded starting point because the technical requirements are much less demanding in comparison to real-time data-processing and management Full article
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Open AccessArticle
The Effects of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Environmental Uncertainty on Korean Technology Firms’ R&D Investment
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020029
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 12 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
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Abstract
This study aims to examine the relationship between top managers’ entrepreneurial orientation and firms’ research and development (R&D) investment and the moderating effects of environmental uncertainty on this relationship. Using a sample of 337 Korean technology firms, we implemented a multiple regression analysis [...] Read more.
This study aims to examine the relationship between top managers’ entrepreneurial orientation and firms’ research and development (R&D) investment and the moderating effects of environmental uncertainty on this relationship. Using a sample of 337 Korean technology firms, we implemented a multiple regression analysis with R&D intensity as a dependent variable, top managers’ entrepreneurial orientation as an independent variable, and environmental uncertainty as a moderating variable. The findings reveal that the entrepreneurial orientation of top managers has significant and positive relationships with firms’ strategic decisions regarding R&D investment. This implies that the tendencies and characteristics of top managers significantly influence firms’ innovation efforts, especially during an economic recession. Furthermore, environmental munificence intensifies the entrepreneurial orientation and R&D investment relationship, while environmental dynamism has a negative moderating effect. On the other hand, environmental hostility does not have any impact on this relationship. The moderating effects of environmental uncertainty imply that firms should carefully consider environmental dynamism and munificence to intensify the positive effect of top managers’ entrepreneurial orientation on firms’ innovation efforts. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
TCKF-Connect: A Cross-Disciplinary Conceptual Framework to Investigate Internationalization within the Context of Entrepreneurial Ecosystems
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020028
Received: 1 March 2019 / Revised: 19 April 2019 / Accepted: 6 May 2019 / Published: 9 May 2019
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Abstract
This conceptual paper examines the still under-researched phenomena associated with internationalization within the context of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Drawing on multiple literature streams, I develop TCKF-Connect, a cross-disciplinary conceptual framework to investigate how entrepreneurial ecosystems become globally connected, and how, in turn, an ecosystem’s [...] Read more.
This conceptual paper examines the still under-researched phenomena associated with internationalization within the context of entrepreneurial ecosystems. Drawing on multiple literature streams, I develop TCKF-Connect, a cross-disciplinary conceptual framework to investigate how entrepreneurial ecosystems become globally connected, and how, in turn, an ecosystem’s global connectedness can drive and sustain the internationalization processes of innovative start-ups. I propose a distinction between entrepreneurial ecosystems’ connectivity and ecosystems’ connectedness, where the former is purported as a necessary but not sufficient condition to achieve the latter. The framework developed revolves around the role played by a specific “vehicle” of connectivity across entrepreneurial ecosystems, i.e., temporary clusters, as conceptualized by Maskell, Bathelt and Malmberg and focuses on the role of knowledge flows within temporary clusters and across the entrepreneurial ecosystems where the temporary clusters are nested. The cross-disciplinary conceptual framework developed contributes to both research and policy debates by underpinning the investigation of research questions to further our understanding of the interplay between internationalization of entrepreneurial ecosystems and internationalization of the start-ups nested within them. The article proposes a research agenda emanating from the application of the cross-disciplinary conceptual framework developed and suggests a methodology for the empirical investigation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clusters, Geographies, Economies, Innovations)
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Open AccessArticle
Location Decision Making and Transportation Route Planning Considering Fuel Consumption
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020027
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 2 May 2019 / Accepted: 2 May 2019 / Published: 9 May 2019
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Abstract
This study presents the Location Routing Problem (LRP) for which we have created a model for the integration of locating facilities and vehicle routing decisions to solve the problem. The case study is the Palm Oil Collection Center, which is also important for [...] Read more.
This study presents the Location Routing Problem (LRP) for which we have created a model for the integration of locating facilities and vehicle routing decisions to solve the problem. The case study is the Palm Oil Collection Center, which is also important for the supply chain system. A mathematical model was made to minimize the total cost of a facility-opening cost, fixed cost of vehicle uses and fuel consumption cost. The fuel consumption cost relies on the distance and road conditions, in case of poor physical condition of a road, and its width, which can be affected the speed of the vehicle as well as the used fuel. Thus, we propose an Adaptive Large Neighborhood Search (ALNS) based on heuristic for solving the LRP. The ALNS method was tested with three datasets of samples divided into small, medium and large problems. Then, the results were compared with the results from the exact method by the Lingo program. The computational study indicated that the ALNS algorithm was competitive to the results of the Lingo for all instance sizes. Moreover, the ALNS was more effective than the exact method; approximately 99% in terms of processing time. We extended this approach to solve the case study, which was considered to be the largest problem, and the ALNS algorithm was efficient with acceptable solutions and short processing time. Therefore, the proposed method provided an effective solution to manage location routing decision of the palm oil collection center. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Adaptive Large Neighborhood Search for a Production Planning Problem Arising in Pig Farming
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020026
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 1 May 2019 / Accepted: 2 May 2019 / Published: 7 May 2019
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Abstract
. This article aims to resolve a particular production planning and workforce assignment problem. Many production lines may have different production capacities while producing the same product. Each production line is composed of three production stages, and each stage requires different periods of [...] Read more.
. This article aims to resolve a particular production planning and workforce assignment problem. Many production lines may have different production capacities while producing the same product. Each production line is composed of three production stages, and each stage requires different periods of times and numbers of workers. Moreover, the workers will have different skill levels which can affect the number of workers required for production line. The number of workers required in each farm also depends on the amount of pigs that it is producing. Production planning must fulfill all the demands and can only make use of the workers available. A production plan aims to generate maximal profit for the company. A mathematical model has been developed to solve the proposed problem, when the size of problem increases, the model is unable to resolve large issues within a reasonable timeframe. A metaheuristic method called adaptive large-scale neighborhood search (ALNS) has been developed to solve the case study. Eight destroy and four repair operators (including ant colony optimization based destroy and repair methods) have been presented. Moreover, three formulas which are used to make decisions for acceptance of the newly generated solution have been proposed. The present study tested 16 data sets, including the case study. From the computational results of the small size of test instances, ALNS should be able to find optimal solutions for all the random data sets in much less computational time compared to commercial optimization software. For medium and larger test instance sizes, the findings of the heuristics were 0.48% to 0.92% away from the upper bound and generated within 480–620 h, in comparison to the 1 h required for the proposed method. The Ant Colony Optimization-based destroy and repair method found solutions that were 0.98 to 1.03% better than the original ALNS. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Sustaining Innovation: Creativity among Employees of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises and Students in Higher Education Institutions in Brunei Darussalam
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020025
Received: 17 January 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 29 April 2019 / Published: 7 May 2019
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Abstract
This paper compares creativity experiences and perceptions among employees of small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) and students in higher education institutions (HEI) in Brunei Darussalam. The study was conducted through interactions and surveys to assess (i) understanding and practice of creative tools and [...] Read more.
This paper compares creativity experiences and perceptions among employees of small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) and students in higher education institutions (HEI) in Brunei Darussalam. The study was conducted through interactions and surveys to assess (i) understanding and practice of creative tools and techniques; (ii) creativity performance in teams and individuals and (iii) perception of creativity among 39 employees in SME and 68 students from HEI. Statistical analysis was carried out using Pearson’s chi-square test for goodness of fit and Cramer’s V test to estimate strength tests for correlation. The findings indicate a majority in both groups have not received prior instruction in creativity and that employees of SMEs have less interest in receiving creative instructions. There is consensus among both groups that group work will result in greater creative performance. Ambiguity of customer needs or requirement was a factor most often cited to impede creative performance of teams in SME. Results from this study were used to make recommendations to improve practice and learning creativity in SME and HEI. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Open Innovation in Micro, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises)
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Open AccessViewpoint
Disruptive Impacts of Automated Driving Systems on the Built Environment and Land Use: An Urban Planner’s Perspective
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020024
Received: 27 March 2019 / Revised: 19 April 2019 / Accepted: 19 April 2019 / Published: 24 April 2019
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Abstract
Cities have started to restructure themselves into ‘smart cities’ to address the challenges of the 21st Century—such as climate change, sustainable development, and digital disruption. One of the major obstacles to success for a smart city is to tackle the mobility and accessibility [...] Read more.
Cities have started to restructure themselves into ‘smart cities’ to address the challenges of the 21st Century—such as climate change, sustainable development, and digital disruption. One of the major obstacles to success for a smart city is to tackle the mobility and accessibility issues via ‘smart mobility’ solutions. At the verge of the age of smart urbanism, autonomous vehicle technology is seen as an opportunity to realize the smart mobility vision of cities. However, this innovative technological advancement is also speculated to bring a major disruption in urban transport, land use, employment, parking, car ownership, infrastructure design, capital investment decisions, sustainability, mobility, and traffic safety. Despite the potential threats, urban planners and managers are not yet prepared to develop autonomous vehicle strategies for cities to deal with these threats. This is mainly due to a lack of knowledge on the social implications of autonomous capabilities and how exactly they will disrupt our cities. This viewpoint provides a snapshot of the current status of vehicle automation, the direction in which the field is moving forward, the potential impacts of systematic adoption of autonomous vehicles, and how urban planners can mitigate the built environment and land use disruption of autonomous vehicles. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
An Investigation into the Performance of an Ambidextrously Balanced Innovator and Its Relatedness to Open Innovation
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020023
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 8 April 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 15 April 2019
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Abstract
This study investigated the relationship between open innovation and the radicalness of innovation. The balance between radical and incremental innovation is an essential part of the ambidextrous use of explorative and exploitative strategies, and this study assumed that open innovation is usually interlinked [...] Read more.
This study investigated the relationship between open innovation and the radicalness of innovation. The balance between radical and incremental innovation is an essential part of the ambidextrous use of explorative and exploitative strategies, and this study assumed that open innovation is usually interlinked with explorative strategies and is thus related to radical innovation performance. Accordingly, following an empirical investigation, we demonstrate that the balance of open innovation firms is slightly skewed toward explorative radical innovation. Using the Korean version of the community innovation survey, we show that the relative radicalness that is projected on innovation output exhibits an inverted-U curve. Furthermore, the curve shifts based on the level of inbound open innovation. Our results suggest that there is an ambidextrous balance between radical and incremental innovation while implementing open innovation. In addition, the research results imply that firms placing greater weight on explorative radical innovations need to consider in-depth open innovation strategies. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
World Turned Upside Down: Entrepreneurial Decline, Its Reluctant Myths and Troubling Realities
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020022
Received: 6 March 2019 / Revised: 25 March 2019 / Accepted: 26 March 2019 / Published: 9 April 2019
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Abstract
The aim of this paper is to attempt to understand why the popular academic and policy field of promoting, studying and evangelising “entrepreneurship” should have been associated with great success but, in the past twenty years or more in many advanced economies, so [...] Read more.
The aim of this paper is to attempt to understand why the popular academic and policy field of promoting, studying and evangelising “entrepreneurship” should have been associated with great success but, in the past twenty years or more in many advanced economies, so much failure. From the US to lesser and developing countries, emerging economies and the European Union, entrepreneurship, especially in regard to start-ups and particularly high-tech start-ups, has been in constant more or less recent decline. This is seldom registered in the mainstream literature where a positive and benign profile is generally presented. The paper examines this phenomenon, ties it partly with the “productivity paradox” and seeks tentative hypotheses in relation to the apparent illusions if not delusions regarding “entrepreneurship”. Full article
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Open AccessReview
Exploring the Role of Knowledge, Innovation and Technology Management (KNIT) Capabilities that Influence Research and Development
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020021
Received: 22 February 2019 / Revised: 21 March 2019 / Accepted: 26 March 2019 / Published: 6 April 2019
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Abstract
A supporting management discipline is an under researched phenomenon. A majority of firms’ operating capabilities relating to knowledge, innovation and technology management as a supporting management discipline. This paper reviews the literature in the research and development (R&D) domain to formulate qand propose [...] Read more.
A supporting management discipline is an under researched phenomenon. A majority of firms’ operating capabilities relating to knowledge, innovation and technology management as a supporting management discipline. This paper reviews the literature in the research and development (R&D) domain to formulate qand propose a conceptual model which is influenced by capabilities relating to knowledge, innovation and technology management. We performed a systematic literature review in which a range of articles were searched related to R&D, from 1990 to 2018. Our review is presented in two parts. The first part presents a descriptive analysis using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic View and Mata Analysis (PRISMA)protocol and the second part develop proposition based on keywords analysis. The review revealed that there are nine capabilities that contribute to influence on R&D based on three dimensions known as knowledge, innovation and technology management which correspond to some of the key resources that used to drive these capabilities. Finally, this work proposes a conceptual model based on the outcome of Systematic Literature Review (SLR) interpretation. This research may support current trends on the literature. The list of references may be considered a potential source for future research in this area. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technology Driven Innovation, Research Management and Policy Making)
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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. EISSN 2199-8531 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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