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Disruptive Impacts of Automated Driving Systems on the Built Environment and Land Use: An Urban Planner’s Perspective

1
School of Technology, Department of Knowledge Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina Campus Universitário, Trindade, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina CEP 88040-900, Brazil
2
School of Planning, Design and Construction, Michigan State University, 552 W. Circle Drive, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
3
Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture, Monash University, 900 Dandenong Road, Caulfield East, VIC 3145, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(2), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5020024
Received: 27 March 2019 / Revised: 19 April 2019 / Accepted: 19 April 2019 / Published: 24 April 2019
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Abstract

Cities have started to restructure themselves into ‘smart cities’ to address the challenges of the 21st Century—such as climate change, sustainable development, and digital disruption. One of the major obstacles to success for a smart city is to tackle the mobility and accessibility issues via ‘smart mobility’ solutions. At the verge of the age of smart urbanism, autonomous vehicle technology is seen as an opportunity to realize the smart mobility vision of cities. However, this innovative technological advancement is also speculated to bring a major disruption in urban transport, land use, employment, parking, car ownership, infrastructure design, capital investment decisions, sustainability, mobility, and traffic safety. Despite the potential threats, urban planners and managers are not yet prepared to develop autonomous vehicle strategies for cities to deal with these threats. This is mainly due to a lack of knowledge on the social implications of autonomous capabilities and how exactly they will disrupt our cities. This viewpoint provides a snapshot of the current status of vehicle automation, the direction in which the field is moving forward, the potential impacts of systematic adoption of autonomous vehicles, and how urban planners can mitigate the built environment and land use disruption of autonomous vehicles. View Full-Text
Keywords: autonomous vehicle; autonomous driving; disruptive technology; land use change; built environment; smart city; smart urbanism; smart mobility; urban innovation; urban planning autonomous vehicle; autonomous driving; disruptive technology; land use change; built environment; smart city; smart urbanism; smart mobility; urban innovation; urban planning
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Yigitcanlar, T.; Wilson, M.; Kamruzzaman, M. Disruptive Impacts of Automated Driving Systems on the Built Environment and Land Use: An Urban Planner’s Perspective. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5, 24.

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J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. EISSN 2199-8531 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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