Galectin-3 is demonstrated to be a robust independent marker of cardiovascular mid-term (18-month) outcomes in heart failure (HF) patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the value of a pre-discharged determination of galectin-3 alone and with brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in predicting mid-term outcomes in elderly patients (>70 years old) discharged after an acute decompensated HF (ADHF) episode. Methods: all elderly (≥70 years old) HF subjects discharged alive after an ADHF were enrolled. All patients underwent a determination of BNP and galectin-3, a 6-min walking test (6MWT), and an echocardiogram within 48 h of hospital discharge. Cardiac death, cardiac transplantation, and worsening heart failure requiring readmission to hospital were considered cardiovascular events. Results: 84 patients (63 males (75%), age 77.5 ± 5.9 years old) were analyzed (mean follow-up: 16.2 ± 12.3 months). During the follow-up, 45 events (53.6%) were scheduled (18 cardiac deaths, 27 re-hospitalizations for ADHF). HF patients who suffered an event demonstrated more impaired ventricular function (p
= 0.04), higher value of BNP (p
= 0.02), and Gal-3 at a pre-discharge evaluation (p
= 0.05). By choosing adequate cut-off points (BNP ≥ 500 pg/mL and Gal-3 ≥ 17.6 ng/mL), the Kaplan–Meier curves depicted a powerful stratification using Galectin-3 > 17.6 ng/mL alone (log-rank 13.22; p
= 0.0003), and by adding BNP + Gal-3, an even better result was obtained (log-rank 17.96; p
< 0.00001). Conclusion: in an elderly population, by adding Gal-3 to BNP, a single pre-discharge strategy testing seemed to obtain a satisfactorily predictive value in alive HF patients discharged after an ADHF episode.
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