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Open AccessArticle

Road-Based Multi-Metric Forwarder Evaluation for Multipath Video Streaming in Urban Vehicular Communication

1
Department Mathematic, Faculty of Science, Bauchi State University Gadau, Bauchi State PMB 065, Nigeria
2
Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Engineering, University Technology Malaysia, Johor Bahru 81310, Malaysia
3
School of Computing Science & Engineering (SCSE), Galgotias University, Greater Noida, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Uttar Pradesh 201308, India
4
Department of Systems and Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2020, 9(10), 1663; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9101663
Received: 31 August 2020 / Revised: 7 October 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 13 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicular Networks and Communications, Volume II)
In video streaming over vehicular communication, optimal selection of a video packet forwarder is a daunting issue due to the dynamic nature of Vehicular Ad-hoc NETworks (VANETs)and the high data rates of video. In most of the existing studies, extensive considerations of the essential metrics have not been considered. In order to achieve quality video streaming in vehicular network, important metrics for link connectivity and bandwidth efficiency need to be employed to minimize video packet error and losses. In order to address the aforementioned issues, a Road-based Multi-metric Forwarder Evaluation scheme for Multipath Video Streaming (RMF-MVS) has been proposed. The RMF-MVS scheme is adapted to be a Dynamic Self-Weighting score (DSW) (RMF-MVS+DSW) for forwarder vehicle selection. The scheme is based on multipath transmission. The performance of the scheme is evaluated using Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), Structural SIMilarity index (SSIM), Packet Loss Ratio (PLR) and End-to-End Delay (E2ED) metrics. The proposed scheme is compared against two baseline schemes including Multipath Solution with Link and Node Disjoint (MSLND) and Multimedia Multi-metric Map-aware Routing Protocol (3MRP) with DSW (3MRP+DSW). The comparative performance assessment results justify the benefit of the proposed scheme based on various video streaming related metrics. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-metric; VANET; multimedia; video streaming; vehicular network; next forwarding vehicle multi-metric; VANET; multimedia; video streaming; vehicular network; next forwarding vehicle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aliyu, A.; Abdullah, A.H.; Isnin, I.F.; Radzi, R.Z.R.M..; Kumar, A.; Darwish, T.S.J.; Joda, U.M. Road-Based Multi-Metric Forwarder Evaluation for Multipath Video Streaming in Urban Vehicular Communication. Electronics 2020, 9, 1663. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9101663

AMA Style

Aliyu A, Abdullah AH, Isnin IF, Radzi RZRM, Kumar A, Darwish TSJ, Joda UM. Road-Based Multi-Metric Forwarder Evaluation for Multipath Video Streaming in Urban Vehicular Communication. Electronics. 2020; 9(10):1663. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9101663

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aliyu, Ahmed; Abdullah, Abdul H.; Isnin, Ismail F.; Radzi, Raja Z.R.M..; Kumar, Arvind; Darwish, Tasneem S.J.; Joda, Usman M. 2020. "Road-Based Multi-Metric Forwarder Evaluation for Multipath Video Streaming in Urban Vehicular Communication" Electronics 9, no. 10: 1663. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9101663

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