Through an analysis of the kinematics and dynamics relations between the target positioning of manipulator joint angles of an apple-picking robot, the sliding-mode control (SMC) method is introduced into robot servo control according to the characteristics of servo control. However, the biggest problem of the sliding-mode variable structure control is chattering, and the speed, inertia, acceleration, switching surface, and other factors are also considered when approaching the sliding die surface. Meanwhile, neural network has the characteristics of approaching non-linear function and not depending on the mechanism model of the system. Therefore, the fuzzy neural network control algorithm can effectively solve the chattering problem caused by the variable structure of the sliding mode and improve the dynamic and static performances of the control system. The comparison experiment is carried out through the application of the PID algorithm, the sliding mode control algorithm, and the improved fuzzy neural network sliding mode control algorithm on the picking robot system in the laboratory environment. The result verified that the intelligent algorithm can reduce the complexity of parameter adjustments and improve the control accuracy to a certain extent.
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