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Systematic Review

Thanaka (H. crenulata, N. crenulata, L. acidissima L.): A Systematic Review of Its Chemical, Biological Properties and Cosmeceutical Applications

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Department of Biological Sciences, School of Medical and Life Sciences, Sunway University, No. 5, Jalan Universiti, Bandar Sunway, Petaling Jaya 47500, Selangor, Malaysia
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Centre for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Utilization (CCDCU), School of Engineering and Technology, Sunway University, No. 5, Jalan Universiti, Bandar Sunway, Petaling Jaya 47500, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Engineering, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YW, UK
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Christophe Hano, Vasil Georgiev and Duangjai Tungmunnithum
Cosmetics 2021, 8(3), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics8030068
Received: 16 July 2021 / Revised: 26 July 2021 / Accepted: 27 July 2021 / Published: 30 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cosmetics in the Age of Green Technologies)
Thanaka (H. crenulata, N. crenulata, L. acidissima L.) is a common tree in Southeast Asia used by the people of Myanmar to create their distinctive face makeup meant for daily sun protection and skincare. Moreover, it is used as a traditional remedy to treat various diseases since it can also be applied as an insect repellent. In this systematic review, the chemical and biological properties of Thanaka have been summarised from 18 articles obtained from the Scopus database. Various extracts of Thanaka comprise a significant number of bioactive compounds that include antioxidant, anti-ageing, anti-inflammatory, anti-melanogenic and anti-microbial properties. More importantly, Thanaka exhibits low cytotoxicity towards human cell lines. The use of natural plant materials with various beneficial biological activities have been commonly replacing artificial and synthetic chemicals for health and environmental reasons as natural plant materials offer advantages such as antioxidant, antibacterial qualities while providing essential nourishment to the skin. This review serves as a reference for the research, development and commercialisation of Thanaka skincare products, in particular, sunscreen. Natural sunscreens have attracted enormous interests as a potential replacement for sun protection products made using synthetic chemicals such as oxybenzone that would cause health issues and damage to the environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural product; natural sunscreen; green sunscreen; sunblock; Hesperethusa crenulata; Naringi crenulata; Limonia acidissima L. natural product; natural sunscreen; green sunscreen; sunblock; Hesperethusa crenulata; Naringi crenulata; Limonia acidissima L.
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lim, M.W.; Aroua, M.K.; Gew, L.T. Thanaka (H. crenulata, N. crenulata, L. acidissima L.): A Systematic Review of Its Chemical, Biological Properties and Cosmeceutical Applications. Cosmetics 2021, 8, 68. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics8030068

AMA Style

Lim MW, Aroua MK, Gew LT. Thanaka (H. crenulata, N. crenulata, L. acidissima L.): A Systematic Review of Its Chemical, Biological Properties and Cosmeceutical Applications. Cosmetics. 2021; 8(3):68. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics8030068

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lim, Min W., Mohamed K. Aroua, and Lai T. Gew 2021. "Thanaka (H. crenulata, N. crenulata, L. acidissima L.): A Systematic Review of Its Chemical, Biological Properties and Cosmeceutical Applications" Cosmetics 8, no. 3: 68. https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics8030068

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