Hollow-Core Anti-Resonant Fiber (HC-ARF) shows promising applications. Nevertheless, there has been a persistent problem when it comes to all-fiber integration due to a lack of HC-ARF-based fiber components. In response to this remaining challenge, we investigate a reliable, versatile and efficient method to convert an HC-ARF into a fiber filter. By locally heating an HC-ARF with a CO2
laser, the fiber structure becomes deformed, and cladding capillaries shrink to produce a thicker wall. This process is analogous to “writing” a new fiber with a thicker wall on the original fiber, resulting in creating new high loss regions in the original transmission bands. Thus, the construction of a fiber filter is realized by “writing” a new fiber on the original fiber. The feasibility of this method is confirmed through experiments, adopting both one- and two-layer HC-ARF. The HC-ARF-based fiber filters are found to have transmission spectra consistent with simulation prediction. Both band pass and band reject fiber filters with more than a 20-dB extinction ratio are obtainable without extra loss. Thus, an in-fiber HC-ARF filter is demonstrated by the CO2
writing process. Its versatile approach promises controlled band selection and would find interesting applications to be discussed.
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