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Article

Two Different Scenarios for the Equilibration of Polycation—Anionic Solutions at Water–Vapor Interfaces

1
Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Instituto Pluridisciplinar, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Paseo Juan XXIII, 1, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2019, 9(7), 438; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9070438
Received: 24 June 2019 / Revised: 10 July 2019 / Accepted: 11 July 2019 / Published: 13 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fluid Interfaces)
The assembly in solution of the cationic polymer poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) and two different anionic surfactants, sodium lauryl ether sulfate (SLES) and sodium N-lauroyl-N-methyltaurate (SLMT), has been studied. Additionally, the adsorption of the formed complexes at the water–vapor interface have been measured to try to shed light on the complex physico-chemical behavior of these systems under conditions close to that used in commercial products. The results show that, independently of the type of surfactant, polyelectrolyte-surfactant interactions lead to the formation of kinetically trapped aggregates in solution. Such aggregates drive the solution to phase separation, even though the complexes should remain undercharged along the whole range of explored compositions. Despite the similarities in the bulk behavior, the equilibration of the interfacial layers formed upon adsorption of kinetically trapped aggregates at the water–vapor interface follows different mechanisms. This was pointed out by surface tension and interfacial dilational rheology measurements, which showed different equilibration mechanisms of the interfacial layer depending on the nature of the surfactant: (i) formation layers with intact aggregates in the PDADMAC-SLMT system, and (ii) dissociation and spreading of kinetically trapped aggregates after their incorporation at the fluid interface for the PDADMAC-SLES one. This evidences the critical impact of the chemical nature of the surfactant in the interfacial properties of these systems. It is expected that this work may contribute to the understanding of the complex interactions involved in this type of system to exploit its behavior for technological purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyelectrolyte; surfactants; kinetically trapped aggregates; interfaces; surface tension; interfacial dilational rheology; adsorption polyelectrolyte; surfactants; kinetically trapped aggregates; interfaces; surface tension; interfacial dilational rheology; adsorption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guzmán, E.; Fernández-Peña, L.; Akanno, A.; Llamas, S.; Ortega, F.; G. Rubio, R. Two Different Scenarios for the Equilibration of Polycation—Anionic Solutions at Water–Vapor Interfaces. Coatings 2019, 9, 438. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9070438

AMA Style

Guzmán E, Fernández-Peña L, Akanno A, Llamas S, Ortega F, G. Rubio R. Two Different Scenarios for the Equilibration of Polycation—Anionic Solutions at Water–Vapor Interfaces. Coatings. 2019; 9(7):438. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9070438

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guzmán, Eduardo, Laura Fernández-Peña, Andrew Akanno, Sara Llamas, Francisco Ortega, and Ramón G. Rubio. 2019. "Two Different Scenarios for the Equilibration of Polycation—Anionic Solutions at Water–Vapor Interfaces" Coatings 9, no. 7: 438. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings9070438

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