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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Laser Processing on Surface Properties of Additively Manufactured 18-Percent Nickel Maraging Steel Parts

1
Department of Mechanics and Materials Engineering, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
2
Laboratory of Composite Materials, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
3
Laboratory of Materials Research, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
4
Center for Physical Science and Technology, LT-02300 Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2020, 10(6), 600; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10060600
Received: 1 June 2020 / Revised: 20 June 2020 / Accepted: 24 June 2020 / Published: 26 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Surface Characterization, Deposition and Modification)
In the present work, the experimental study on laser processing of additively manufactured (AM) maraging steel part surface was conducted. Nanosecond pulsed laser at ablation mode was used for surface modification in oxidizing atmosphere. The morphology, roughness, elemental and phase composition, microhardness and tribological properties of the processed surfaces were investigated. The obtained results revealed that pulsed laser processing under the ablation mode in air allows obtaining modified surface with uniform micro-texture and insignificant residual undulation, providing 3 times lower roughness as compared with the as-manufactured AM part. The intensive oxidation of surface during laser processing results in formation of the significant oxides amount, which can be controlled by scanning speed. Due to the presence of the oxide phase (such as Fe2CoO4 and Ti0.11Co0.89O0.99), the hardness and wear resistance of the surface were significantly improved, up to 40% and 17 times, respectively. The strong correlation between the roughness parameter Ra and mass loss during the tribological test testifies the significant role of the obtained morphology for the wear resistance of the surface. View Full-Text
Keywords: laser surface processing; additive manufacturing; maraging steel; surface modification; hardness; morphology; wear laser surface processing; additive manufacturing; maraging steel; surface modification; hardness; morphology; wear
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MDPI and ACS Style

Černašėjus, O.; Škamat, J.; Markovič, V.; Višniakov, N.; Indrišiūnas, S. Effect of Laser Processing on Surface Properties of Additively Manufactured 18-Percent Nickel Maraging Steel Parts. Coatings 2020, 10, 600.

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