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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Dextran-Thyme Magnesium-Doped Hydroxyapatite Composite Antimicrobial Coatings

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National Institute of Materials Physics, 405A Atomistilor Street, 077125 Magurele, Romania
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University Politehnica of Bucharest, BN 002, 313 Splaiul Independentei, Sector 6, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
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ISTO, UMR 7327 CNRS Université d’Orléans, 1A rue de la Férollerie, 45071 Orléans CEDEX 2, France
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HORIBA Jobin Yvon S.A.S., 6-18, Rue du Canal, 91165 Longjumeau CEDEX, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Coatings 2020, 10(1), 57; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings10010057
Received: 30 November 2019 / Revised: 6 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 January 2020 / Published: 9 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomedical Applications of Functional Nanoparticles)
The dextran-thyme magnesium-doped hydroxyapatite (10MgHAp-Dex-thyme) composite layers were prepared by a dip-coating procedure from stable suspensions and further analyzed for the first time. Different characterization techniques were employed to explore the physical-chemical features of the 10MgHAp-Dex-thyme suspensions and derived coatings. Information regarding the 10MgHAp-Dex-thyme suspensions was extracted on the basis of dynamic light scattering, zeta potential, and ultrasound measurements. The crystalline quality of the biocomposite powders—resulting after the centrifugation of suspensions—and the layers deposited on glass was assessed by X-ray diffraction in symmetric and grazing incidence geometries, respectively. The chemical structure and presence of functional groups were evaluated for both powder and coating by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in attenuated total reflectance mode. The extent of the antimicrobial effect range of the biocomposite suspensions and coatings was tested against different Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and fungus (Candida albicans) strains with promising results. View Full-Text
Keywords: antimicrobials; magnesium doping; hydroxyapatite; dextran; thyme oil; composite coatings; solution ultrasound measurements antimicrobials; magnesium doping; hydroxyapatite; dextran; thyme oil; composite coatings; solution ultrasound measurements
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Iconaru, S.L.; Predoi, M.V.; Motelica-Heino, M.; Predoi, D.; Buton, N.; Megier, C.; Stan, G.E. Dextran-Thyme Magnesium-Doped Hydroxyapatite Composite Antimicrobial Coatings. Coatings 2020, 10, 57.

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