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Open AccessArticle

The Costs, Benefits and Human Behaviours for Antimicrobial Use in Small Commercial Broiler Chicken Systems in Indonesia

1
Epidemiology and Population Health, University of Liverpool, Neston CH64 7TE, UK
2
Agricultural and Resource Economic Consulting Services, Armidale, NSW 2350, Australia
3
Center for Indonesian Veterinary Analytical Studies, Bogor 16310, Indonesia
4
Regional Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok 10200, Thailand
5
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Country Office for Indonesia, Jakarta 10250, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antibiotics 2020, 9(4), 154; https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9040154
Received: 9 March 2020 / Revised: 31 March 2020 / Accepted: 31 March 2020 / Published: 1 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Usage of Antibiotic in Agriculture and Animal Farming)
There are growing concerns over the threat to human health from the unregulated use of antimicrobials in livestock. Broiler production is of great economic and social importance in Indonesia. This study used a structured questionnaire approach to explore the human behaviours and economic drivers associated with antimicrobial use in small commercial broiler systems in Indonesia (n = 509). The study showed that antimicrobial use was high with farmers easily able to access antimicrobials through local animal medicine, however, it was difficult for farmers to access veterinary advice on responsible antimicrobial use. The most significant finding was that the relative cost of antimicrobials was low, and farmers observed improvements in productivity rates from routine antimicrobial administration. However, farmers seldom kept detailed records on farm productivity or economic costs; this is a hurdle to undertaking a more detailed economic analysis of antimicrobial use. There is a need for further research on the cost-effectiveness of alternative methods of preventing disease and ensuring that feasible alternatives are easily available. Farm-level economics and securing the food supply chain need to be central to any future policy interventions to reduce antimicrobial use in broiler systems in Indonesia and this observation is relevant at a regional and global level. View Full-Text
Keywords: chicken production; antimicrobial use; antimicrobial resistance (AMR); Indonesia; antibiotic; economics; behaviours chicken production; antimicrobial use; antimicrobial resistance (AMR); Indonesia; antibiotic; economics; behaviours
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MDPI and ACS Style

Coyne, L.; Patrick, I.; Arief, R.; Benigno, C.; Kalpravidh, W.; McGrane, J.; Schoonman, L.; Harja Sukarno, A.; Rushton, J. The Costs, Benefits and Human Behaviours for Antimicrobial Use in Small Commercial Broiler Chicken Systems in Indonesia. Antibiotics 2020, 9, 154. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9040154

AMA Style

Coyne L, Patrick I, Arief R, Benigno C, Kalpravidh W, McGrane J, Schoonman L, Harja Sukarno A, Rushton J. The Costs, Benefits and Human Behaviours for Antimicrobial Use in Small Commercial Broiler Chicken Systems in Indonesia. Antibiotics. 2020; 9(4):154. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9040154

Chicago/Turabian Style

Coyne, Lucy; Patrick, Ian; Arief, Riana; Benigno, Carolyn; Kalpravidh, Wantanee; McGrane, James; Schoonman, Luuk; Harja Sukarno, Ady; Rushton, Jonathan. 2020. "The Costs, Benefits and Human Behaviours for Antimicrobial Use in Small Commercial Broiler Chicken Systems in Indonesia" Antibiotics 9, no. 4: 154. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9040154

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