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Open AccessArticle

Hydrogen Production by Formic Acid Decomposition over Ca Promoted Ni/SiO2 Catalysts: Effect of the Calcium Content

1
Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica, CSIC, C/Marie Curie 2, 28049 Madrid, Spain
2
Instituto de Investigaciones en Catálisis y Petroquímica (INCAPE-CONICET), Facultad de Ingeniería Química, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Santiago del Estero 2829, Santa Fe 3000, Argentina
3
Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad de Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(11), 1516; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9111516
Received: 3 October 2019 / Revised: 16 October 2019 / Accepted: 23 October 2019 / Published: 25 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of New Nanoparticle Structures as Catalysts)
Formic acid, a major product of biomass processing, is regarded as a potential liquid carrier for hydrogen storage and delivery. The catalytic dehydrogenation of FA to generate hydrogen using heterogeneous catalysts is of great interest. Ni based catalysts supported on silica were synthesized by incipient wet impregnation. The effect of doping with an alkaline earth metal (calcium) was studied, and the solids were tested in the formic acid decomposition reaction to produce hydrogen. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), temperature-programmed reduction (TPR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and programmed temperature surface reaction (TPSR). The catalyst doped with 19.3 wt.% of Ca showed 100% conversion of formic acid at 160 °C, with a 92% of selectivity to hydrogen. In addition, all the tested materials were promising for their application, since they showed catalytic behaviors (conversion and selectivity to hydrogen) comparable to those of noble metals reported in the literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen production; formic acid decomposition; nickel catalyst; calcium oxide promoter; silica support hydrogen production; formic acid decomposition; nickel catalyst; calcium oxide promoter; silica support
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Faroldi, B.; Paviotti, M.A.; Camino-Manjarrés, M.; González-Carrazán, S.; López-Olmos, C.; Rodríguez-Ramos, I. Hydrogen Production by Formic Acid Decomposition over Ca Promoted Ni/SiO2 Catalysts: Effect of the Calcium Content. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1516.

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