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Partial Oxidation Strategy to Synthesize WS2/WO3 Heterostructure with Enhanced Adsorption Performance for Organic Dyes: Synthesis, Modelling, and Mechanism

1
National Engineering Research Center for Industry Crystallization Technology, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
2
Co-Innovation Center of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tianjin 300072, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(2), 278; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10020278
Received: 15 December 2019 / Revised: 26 January 2020 / Accepted: 2 February 2020 / Published: 6 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanostructured Materials for Adsorption)
In this work, a facile oxidation strategy was developed to prepare novel tungsten disulfide/tungsten trioxide (WS2/WO3) heterostructures for adsorbing organic dyes efficiently by combining the hydrophilic property of WO3 and the superior dye affinity of WS2. The structural and elemental properties of the synthesized hybrid materials were systematically investigated, and the results demonstrated the retained flower-like morphology of the primitive WS2 and the successful introduction of WO3. Furthermore, surface properties such as a superior hydrophilicity and negative-charged potential were also demonstrated by a water contact angle characterization combined with a Zeta potential analysis. The performance of the obtained WS2/WO3 hybrid materials for removing Rhodamine B (RhB) from wastewater was evaluated. The results showed that the maximum adsorption capacity of the newly synthesized material could reach 237.1 mg/g. Besides, the adsorption isotherms were also simulated by a statistical physics monolayer model, which revealed the non-horizontal orientation of adsorbates and endothermic physical interaction. Finally, the adsorption mechanism and the recyclability revealed that the partial oxidation strategy could contribute to a higher adsorption capacity by modulating the surface properties and could be applied as a highly efficient strategy to design other transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) heterostructures for removing organic dyes from wastewater.
Keywords: WS2/WO3 heterostructure; surface property; partial oxidation; hydrophilicity; adsorption mechanism WS2/WO3 heterostructure; surface property; partial oxidation; hydrophilicity; adsorption mechanism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, G.; Wang, Y.; Bi, J.; Huang, X.; Mao, Y.; Luo, L.; Hao, H. Partial Oxidation Strategy to Synthesize WS2/WO3 Heterostructure with Enhanced Adsorption Performance for Organic Dyes: Synthesis, Modelling, and Mechanism. Nanomaterials 2020, 10, 278.

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