Next Article in Journal
Sensitivity of Offshore Tropical Cyclone Wave Simulations to Spatial Resolution in Wave Models
Next Article in Special Issue
Multi-Criteria Analysis of Different Approaches to Protect the Marine and Coastal Environment from Oil Spills
Previous Article in Journal
Tidal Datums with Spatially Varying Uncertainty in North-East Gulf of Mexico for VDatum Application
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Modeling Study on the Oil Spill of M/V Marathassa in Vancouver Harbour
Article Menu
Issue 4 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Main Development Problems of Vulnerability Mapping of Sea-Coastal Zones to Oil Spills

Engineering Ecology Laboratory, Murmansk Marine Biological Institute of the Kola Science Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (MMBI KSC RAS), 183010 Murmansk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6(4), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmse6040115
Received: 17 August 2018 / Revised: 1 October 2018 / Accepted: 3 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Marine Oil Spills 2018)
  |  
PDF [771 KB, uploaded 14 October 2018]
  |  

Abstract

Vulnerability mapping of sea-coastal zones is an important element of oil spill response plans, environmental support for offshore projects, and the integrated management of the marine environment. The creation of such maps is a complex scientific problem. In their development, it is necessary to take into account differences in the nature of biotic and abiotic components existing in the cartographic area, dissimilarities in their relative vulnerability and significance, the seasonal variability of ecosystem components, and other factors. The purpose of this paper is to briefly review the main elements of international and Russian methods of mapping the vulnerability of sea-coastal zones to oil spills, and the development problems of such maps, including problems of using rank (ordinal) values, and to note possible solutions. Based on the analysis of key existing international and Russian approaches to vulnerability mapping, it was concluded that almost all methods of map calculations use rank (ordinal) values. However, arithmetic operations cannot be performed with them, as they lead to incorrect results. The paper shortly describes the main problems of mapping the vulnerability of sea-coastal zones to oil (the choice of the map scales and season limits for them, differences in the units of biota abundance, the calculation of relative vulnerability coefficients for the considered biotic components, the summation of the vulnerability of objects of different types, etc.). For some problems, possible solutions are outlined. View Full-Text
Keywords: oil spill response; sea-coastal zones; methods of vulnerability mapping to oil; the problems of vulnerability maps development; ordinal values; arithmetic operations with rank values oil spill response; sea-coastal zones; methods of vulnerability mapping to oil; the problems of vulnerability maps development; ordinal values; arithmetic operations with rank values
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Shavykin, A.; Karnatov, A. Main Development Problems of Vulnerability Mapping of Sea-Coastal Zones to Oil Spills. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 115.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
J. Mar. Sci. Eng. EISSN 2077-1312 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top