Main Development Problems of Vulnerability Mapping of Sea-Coastal Zones to Oil Spills
AbstractVulnerability mapping of sea-coastal zones is an important element of oil spill response plans, environmental support for offshore projects, and the integrated management of the marine environment. The creation of such maps is a complex scientific problem. In their development, it is necessary to take into account differences in the nature of biotic and abiotic components existing in the cartographic area, dissimilarities in their relative vulnerability and significance, the seasonal variability of ecosystem components, and other factors. The purpose of this paper is to briefly review the main elements of international and Russian methods of mapping the vulnerability of sea-coastal zones to oil spills, and the development problems of such maps, including problems of using rank (ordinal) values, and to note possible solutions. Based on the analysis of key existing international and Russian approaches to vulnerability mapping, it was concluded that almost all methods of map calculations use rank (ordinal) values. However, arithmetic operations cannot be performed with them, as they lead to incorrect results. The paper shortly describes the main problems of mapping the vulnerability of sea-coastal zones to oil (the choice of the map scales and season limits for them, differences in the units of biota abundance, the calculation of relative vulnerability coefficients for the considered biotic components, the summation of the vulnerability of objects of different types, etc.). For some problems, possible solutions are outlined. View Full-Text
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Shavykin, A.; Karnatov, A. Main Development Problems of Vulnerability Mapping of Sea-Coastal Zones to Oil Spills. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 2018, 6, 115.
Shavykin A, Karnatov A. Main Development Problems of Vulnerability Mapping of Sea-Coastal Zones to Oil Spills. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2018; 6(4):115.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shavykin, Anatoly; Karnatov, Andrey. 2018. "Main Development Problems of Vulnerability Mapping of Sea-Coastal Zones to Oil Spills." J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 6, no. 4: 115.
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