Next Article in Journal
Nanoantioxidants: Recent Trends in Antioxidant Delivery Applications
Next Article in Special Issue
Sangiovese cv Pomace Seeds Extract-Fortified Kefir Exerts Anti-Inflammatory Activity in an In Vitro Model of Intestinal Epithelium Using Caco-2 Cells
Previous Article in Journal
Consumption of Terpenoids-Rich Padina pavonia Extract Attenuates Hyperglycemia, Insulin Resistance and Oxidative Stress, and Upregulates PPARγ in a Rat Model of Type 2 Diabetes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Sulforaphane Protects Cells against Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated Inflammation in Murine Macrophages
Open AccessArticle

Negative Mood Is Associated with Diet and Dietary Antioxidants in University Students During the Menstrual Cycle: A Cross-Sectional Study from Guangzhou, China

1
College of Food Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
2
The Key Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou 510642, China
3
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Waseda University, Tokorozawa 3591192, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antioxidants 2020, 9(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox9010023
Received: 14 November 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 24 December 2019 / Published: 26 December 2019
Postpubescent females may have negative mood or premenstrual syndrome during the menstrual cycle; with the emotional and physical symptoms interfering with their quality of life. Little is known about the relationship of dietary behaviors and dietary antioxidant intake with negative mood or premenstrual syndrome in university students in China; so we explored the relationship between negative mood and dietary behavior in female university students during the three menstrual cycle phases. Random sampling was used to enroll 88 individuals from a university in Guangzhou; China in the study. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. During the menstrual phase, tea, black coffee and carbonated beverage intake was higher in the group with a high negative affect scale score than in the low score group (p < 0.05). Likewise; during the premenstrual phase, fresh fruit (banana and red Chinese dates) intake was higher in the group with a high negative affect scale score than in the low-score group (p < 0.05). The logistic regression analysis results showed that negative mood was positively associated with tea, coffee, and carbonated beverage intake during the menstrual phase (β = 0.21, p = 0.0453, odds ratio = 1.23), and negative mood was positively associated with banana and red Chinese dates intake during the premenstrual phase (β = 0.59, p = 0.0172, odds ratio = 1.81). Our results suggest that negative mood may be associated with diet and specific food in university postpubescent females. View Full-Text
Keywords: negative mood; diet behavior; female students; menstrual cycle; premenstrual syndrome negative mood; diet behavior; female students; menstrual cycle; premenstrual syndrome
MDPI and ACS Style

Bu, L.; Lai, Y.; Deng, Y.; Xiong, C.; Li, F.; Li, L.; Suzuki, K.; Ma, S.; Liu, C. Negative Mood Is Associated with Diet and Dietary Antioxidants in University Students During the Menstrual Cycle: A Cross-Sectional Study from Guangzhou, China. Antioxidants 2020, 9, 23.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop