Next Article in Journal
Grown to be Blue—Antioxidant Properties and Health Effects of Colored Vegetables. Part I: Root Vegetables
Previous Article in Journal
Antioxidant Metabolism and Chlorophyll Fluorescence during the Acclimatisation to Ex Vitro Conditions of Micropropagated Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni Plants
Previous Article in Special Issue
GSTO2 Isoforms Participate in the Oxidative Regulation of the Plasmalemma in Eutherian Spermatozoa during Capacitation
Open AccessReview

From Past to Present: The Link Between Reactive Oxygen Species in Sperm and Male Infertility

1
Independent researcher, São Paulo 13000-000, Brazil
2
Department of Biological Science, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antioxidants 2019, 8(12), 616; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox8120616
Received: 1 November 2019 / Revised: 22 November 2019 / Accepted: 26 November 2019 / Published: 3 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Reactive Oxygen Species and Male Fertility)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can be generated in mammalian cells via both enzymatic and non-enzymatic mechanisms. In sperm cells, while ROS may function as signalling molecules for some physiological pathways, the oxidative stress arising from the ubiquitous production of these compounds has been implicated in the pathogenesis of male infertility. In vitro studies have undoubtedly shown that spermatozoa are indeed susceptible to free radicals. However, many reports correlating ROS with sperm function impairment are based on an oxidative stress scenario created in vitro, lacking a more concrete observation of the real capacity of sperm in the production of ROS. Furthermore, sample contamination by leukocytes and the drawbacks of many dyes and techniques used to measure ROS also greatly impact the reliability of most studies in this field. Therefore, in addition to a careful scrutiny of the data already available, many aspects of the relationship between ROS and sperm physiopathology are still in need of further controlled and solid experiments before any definitive conclusions are drawn.
Keywords: dihydroethidium; lucigenin; luminol; tetrazolium salts; NADPH oxidase; cytochrome reductases dihydroethidium; lucigenin; luminol; tetrazolium salts; NADPH oxidase; cytochrome reductases
MDPI and ACS Style

Villaverde, A.I.S.B.; Netherton, J.; Baker, M.A. From Past to Present: The Link Between Reactive Oxygen Species in Sperm and Male Infertility. Antioxidants 2019, 8, 616.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop