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Article

No Change in Inhibitory Control or P3 Following Different High-Intensity Interval Exercise Modalities

1
Department of Kinesiology, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402, USA
2
Department of Kinesiology, School of Sciences and Mathematics, Greensboro College, Greensboro, NC 27401, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fiorenzo Moscatelli
Brain Sci. 2022, 12(2), 185; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12020185
Received: 31 December 2021 / Revised: 27 January 2022 / Accepted: 27 January 2022 / Published: 29 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Behavioral Neuroscience)
Acute aerobic high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) has demonstrated positive effects on inhibitory control and P3 event-related potential (ERP) in young adults. However, the evidence is not well established regarding the effects of different HIIE modalities that incorporate aerobic-resistance training on these cognitive and neurocognitive outcomes. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the transient effects of HIIE-aerobic and HIIE-aerobic/resistance on P3 and Flanker task performance. Participants (n = 24; 18–25 years old) completed the Flanker task at two time points (30 min and 85 min) following 9 min of HIIE-aerobic (intermittent bouts of walking and running at 90% of maximal heart rate), HIIE-aerobic/resistance (intermittent bouts of walking and high-intensity calisthenics), and seated rest on three separate counterbalanced days. Results revealed no changes in Flanker performance (i.e., reaction time and response accuracy) or P3 (latency and mean amplitude) following either HIIE conditions compared to seated rest. Together, these data suggest inhibitory control and neuroelectric underpinnings are not affected by different modalities of HIIE at 30 min and 85 min post-exercise. Such findings reveal that engaging in short bouts of different HIIE modalities for overall health neither improves nor diminishes inhibitory control and brain function for an extended period throughout the day. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; cognition; executive function physical activity; cognition; executive function
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MDPI and ACS Style

Drollette, E.S.; Johnson, M.N.; Meadows, C.C. No Change in Inhibitory Control or P3 Following Different High-Intensity Interval Exercise Modalities. Brain Sci. 2022, 12, 185. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12020185

AMA Style

Drollette ES, Johnson MN, Meadows CC. No Change in Inhibitory Control or P3 Following Different High-Intensity Interval Exercise Modalities. Brain Sciences. 2022; 12(2):185. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12020185

Chicago/Turabian Style

Drollette, Eric S., Megan N. Johnson, and Caroline C. Meadows. 2022. "No Change in Inhibitory Control or P3 Following Different High-Intensity Interval Exercise Modalities" Brain Sciences 12, no. 2: 185. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12020185

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