Next Article in Journal
The Surplus Effect in Adaptive Behaviour in Down Syndrome: What Can Promote It?
Next Article in Special Issue
A Mobile App for Measuring Real Time Fatigue in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis: Introducing the Fimo Health App
Previous Article in Journal
Inter-Individual Differences Explain More Variance in Conditioned Pain Modulation Than Age, Sex and Conditioning Stimulus Intensity Combined
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Novel Digital Care Management Platform to Monitor Clinical and Subclinical Disease Activity in Multiple Sclerosis
Systematic Review

Is mHealth a Useful Tool for Self-Assessment and Rehabilitation of People with Multiple Sclerosis? A Systematic Review

1
REVAL-Rehabilitation Research Center, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hasselt University, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium
2
Faculty of Social Services and Health Care, LAB University of Applied Sciences, FI-15210 Lahti, Finland
3
University MS Center Hasselt-Pelt, B-3500 Hasselt, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Lorenzo Priano
Brain Sci. 2021, 11(9), 1187; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11091187
Received: 28 July 2021 / Revised: 30 August 2021 / Accepted: 2 September 2021 / Published: 9 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital innovation in Multiple Sclerosis Management)
The development of mobile technology and mobile Internet offers new possibilities in rehabilitation and clinical assessment in a longitudinal perspective for multiple sclerosis management. However, because the mobile health applications (mHealth) have only been developed recently, the level of evidence supporting the use of mHealth in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) is currently unclear. Therefore, this review aims to list and describe the different mHealth available for rehabilitation and self-assessment of pwMS and to define the level of evidence supporting these interventions for functioning problems categorized within the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). In total, 36 studies, performed with 22 different mHealth, were included in this review, 30 about rehabilitation and six for self-assessment, representing 3091 patients. For rehabilitation, most of the studies were focusing on cognitive function and fatigue. Concerning the efficacy, we found a small but significant effect of the use of mHealth for cognitive training (Standardized Mean Difference (SMD) = 0.28 [0.12; 0.45]) and moderate effect for fatigue (SMD = 0.61 [0.47; 0.76]). mHealth is a promising tool in pwMS but more studies are needed to validate these solutions in the other ICF categories. More replications studies are also needed as most of the mHealth have only been assessed in one single study. View Full-Text
Keywords: mHealth; multiple sclerosis; telemonitoring; longitudinal assessment; rehabilitation; fatigue; walking; cognition mHealth; multiple sclerosis; telemonitoring; longitudinal assessment; rehabilitation; fatigue; walking; cognition
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bonnechère, B.; Rintala, A.; Spooren, A.; Lamers, I.; Feys, P. Is mHealth a Useful Tool for Self-Assessment and Rehabilitation of People with Multiple Sclerosis? A Systematic Review. Brain Sci. 2021, 11, 1187. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11091187

AMA Style

Bonnechère B, Rintala A, Spooren A, Lamers I, Feys P. Is mHealth a Useful Tool for Self-Assessment and Rehabilitation of People with Multiple Sclerosis? A Systematic Review. Brain Sciences. 2021; 11(9):1187. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11091187

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bonnechère, Bruno, Aki Rintala, Annemie Spooren, Ilse Lamers, and Peter Feys. 2021. "Is mHealth a Useful Tool for Self-Assessment and Rehabilitation of People with Multiple Sclerosis? A Systematic Review" Brain Sciences 11, no. 9: 1187. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci11091187

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop