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Open AccessArticle

Short-Term Load Forecasting for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Based on Deep Learning Approaches

1
Industrial Technology Research Institute, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
2
Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, China
3
Winline Technology Co., Ltd., Shenzhen 518000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(9), 1723; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9091723
Received: 20 March 2019 / Revised: 10 April 2019 / Accepted: 15 April 2019 / Published: 26 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Management and Smart Grids)
Short-term load forecasting is a key task to maintain the stable and effective operation of power systems, providing reasonable future load curve feeding to the unit commitment and economic load dispatch. In recent years, the boost of internal combustion engine (ICE) based vehicles leads to the fossil fuel shortage and environmental pollution, bringing significant contributions to the greenhouse gas emissions. One of the effective ways to solve problems is to use electric vehicles (EVs) to replace the ICE based vehicles. However, the mass rollout of EVs may cause severe problems to the power system due to the huge charging power and stochastic charging behaviors of the EVs drivers. The accurate model of EV charging load forecasting is, therefore, an emerging topic. In this paper, four featured deep learning approaches are employed and compared in forecasting the EVs charging load from the charging station perspective. Numerical results show that the gated recurrent units (GRU) model obtains the best performance on the hourly based historical data charging scenarios, and it, therefore, provides a useful tool of higher accuracy in terms of the hourly based short-term EVs load forecasting. View Full-Text
Keywords: short-term load forecasting; electric vehicles; deep learning; gated recurrent units short-term load forecasting; electric vehicles; deep learning; gated recurrent units
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, J.; Yang, Z.; Guo, Y.; Zhang, J.; Yang, H. Short-Term Load Forecasting for Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Based on Deep Learning Approaches. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1723.

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