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Open AccessArticle

Experimental Study on the Swelling Behavior of Expansive Soil at Different Depths under Unidirectional Seepage

by Jianbo She 1,2, Zheng Lu 1,3,*, Hailin Yao 1,3, Ran Fang 1,2 and Shaohua Xian 1,2
1
State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Hubei Key Laboratory of Geo-Environmental Engineering, Wuhan 430071, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(6), 1233; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9061233
Received: 21 February 2019 / Revised: 14 March 2019 / Accepted: 20 March 2019 / Published: 24 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Earth Sciences and Geography)
The swelling properties of expansive soil at different depths were investigated by the laboratory model test. It was experimentally found that the swelling deformation of different expansive soil layers was obviously different under unidirectional seepage. Pore solution collection boxes were designed to collect the pore solution of different soil layer interfaces during the saturation process. Cation concentration tests were then used to analyze the migration regulation of cations in these soil layers. Results showed that the divalent cations in the surface soil layer migrated downward along with water molecules and aggregated around clay particles to form the electrical environment in expansive soil. Additionally, swelling tests were performed to compare with their initial values to research the variation of swelling behavior of expansive soil at different depths after completion of the model test. It was observed that the swelling potential of the surface expansive soil layer at a depth of 0–30 mm was released while that of the middle and bottom ones at depths of 90–120 mm and 180–210 mm was inhibited. An analysis on the above results was used to clarify the mechanism controlling the swelling difference of different expansive soil layers. This swelling difference may be explained by the joint effect of two factors that can be treated as an electric charge effect, namely (i) the modification effect, (ii) the electrical environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: expansive soil; swelling behavior; soil depth; unidirectional seepage; electric charge effect expansive soil; swelling behavior; soil depth; unidirectional seepage; electric charge effect
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MDPI and ACS Style

She, J.; Lu, Z.; Yao, H.; Fang, R.; Xian, S. Experimental Study on the Swelling Behavior of Expansive Soil at Different Depths under Unidirectional Seepage. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 1233.

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