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Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(2), 280; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9020280

Investigation of Guidewire Deformation in Blood Vessels Based on an SQP Algorithm

1
School of Mechatronic Engineering and Automation, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
2
School of Mechanical and Electrical, Shenzhen Polytechnic, Shenzhen 518055, China
3
Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Industrial Engineering, Ryerson University, Shanghai 200072, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 December 2018 / Revised: 8 January 2019 / Accepted: 9 January 2019 / Published: 14 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Computer Science and Electrical Engineering)
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Abstract

This paper proposes a solution to the simulated deformation of guidewires when they come in contact with the blood vessel in an interventional surgery simulation training system. Starting from the principle of minimum energy, the guidewire is evenly dispersed into a rigid light bar articulation model. A sequential quadratic programming (SQP) algorithm is used to nonlinearly optimize the deflection angle of each light bar. When the elastic potential energy of the guidewire reaches a minimum, we can get the guidewire deformation we want to solve. The method proposed in this paper avoids necessity of delving into contact deformation caused by the contact force between the guidewire and the blood vessel wall, while solving the problem of the deformation of the guidewire due to the pose of the contact points. We use an ABAQUS (finite element software) simulation to verify that this solution has a theoretical simulation accuracy of 5.11%, and the designed experiments prove that the actual simulation accuracy is about 11%. Moreover, we also simulated the bending stress state of the guidewire by using the deflection angle of each bar. In addition, in order to achieve the most suitable simulation results, we discuss the discrete density of the guidewire model from the perspective of algorithm time consumption and simulation accuracy. View Full-Text
Keywords: interventional surgery; guidewire; deformation simulation; SQP algorithm; simulation accuracy interventional surgery; guidewire; deformation simulation; SQP algorithm; simulation accuracy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Li, L.; Tang, Q.; Tian, Y.; Wang, W.; Chen, W.; Xi, F. Investigation of Guidewire Deformation in Blood Vessels Based on an SQP Algorithm. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 280.

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