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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on Microstructure and Properties of Sintered Fe–Co–Cu-Based Diamond Composites

1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2,3,*
1
College of Construction Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130026, China
2
Key Laboratory of Drilling and Exploitation Technology in Complex Conditions of Ministry of Natural Resources, Changchun 130026, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, Changchun 130021, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(16), 3353; https://doi.org/10.3390/app9163353
Received: 15 July 2019 / Revised: 11 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Matrix Composite)
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Abstract

Metal-matrix-impregnated diamond composites are used for fabricating many kinds of diamond tools. In the efforts to satisfy the increasing engineering requirements, researchers have brought more attention to find novel methods of enhancing the performance of impregnated diamond composites. In this study, deep cryogenic treatment was applied to Fe–Co–Cu-based diamond composites to improve their performance. Relative density, hardness, bending strength, and grinding ratio of matrix and diamond composite samples were measured by a series of tests. Meanwhile, the fracture morphologies of all samples after the bending strength test were observed and analyzed by scanning electron microscope. The results showed that the hardness and bending strength of matrix increased slightly after deep cryogenic treatment. The grinding ratio of impregnated diamond composites exhibited a great increase by 32.9% as a result of deep cryogenic treatment. The strengthening mechanism was analyzed in detail. The Fe–Co–Cu-based impregnated composites subjected to deep cryogenic treatment for 1 h exhibited the best overall performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: deep cryogenic treatment; impregnated diamond composites; metal matrix; wear resistance deep cryogenic treatment; impregnated diamond composites; metal matrix; wear resistance
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Li, S.; Dai, W.; Han, Z.; Zhao, X.; Liu, B. Effect of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on Microstructure and Properties of Sintered Fe–Co–Cu-Based Diamond Composites. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 3353.

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