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Survey of Finite Element Method-Based Real-Time Simulations

Department of Structural Analysis, Technical University of Berlin, 10623 Berlin, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2019, 9(14), 2775;
Received: 4 June 2019 / Revised: 4 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 10 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Augmented Reality: Current Trends, Challenges and Prospects)
PDF [1973 KB, uploaded 10 July 2019]


The finite element method (FEM) has deservedly gained the reputation of the most powerful, highly efficient, and versatile numerical method in the field of structural analysis. Though typical application of FE programs implies the so-called “off-line” computations, the rapid pace of hardware development over the past couple of decades was the major impetus for numerous researchers to consider the possibility of real-time simulation based on FE models. Limitations of available hardware components in various phases of developments demanded remarkable innovativeness in the quest for suitable solutions to the challenge. Different approaches have been proposed depending on the demands of the specific field of application. Though it is still a relatively young field of work in global terms, an immense amount of work has already been done calling for a representative survey. This paper aims to provide such a survey, which of course cannot be exhaustive. View Full-Text
Keywords: FEM; simulation; real-time; interactive; survey FEM; simulation; real-time; interactive; survey

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Marinkovic, D.; Zehn, M. Survey of Finite Element Method-Based Real-Time Simulations. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 2775.

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