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Open AccessArticle

Geological Formation Mechanism and Thermal Resources Assessment of Geothermal Spring in Lushan County, China

1
Institute of Resources and Environment, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
2
School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
3
Henan Institute of Geological Sciences, Zhengzhou 450001, China
4
Fifth Institute of Geological Exploration, Henan Geological and Mineral Bureau, Zhengzhou 450001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(2), 592; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10020592
Received: 29 October 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 6 January 2020 / Published: 14 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Techniques for Sustainable Processing of Natural Resources)
Geothermal resource is green and clean energy, and geothermal field is widely distributed in the world. Its development and utilization has little harm to the environment, can change the current situation of energy consumption mainly based on fossil energy, reduce carbon emissions, and promote the development of techniques for sustainable processing of natural resources. However, each geothermal field has its own characteristic structure, origin, and storage, so it is necessary to carry out targeted research. In this paper, the geothermal characteristics and geological characteristics of the geothermal belt in Lushan County, China are analyzed by means of remote sensing interpretation, field investigation and observation, geophysical exploration, long-term observation, pumping test, and hydrochemical analysis. Result of this study shows that the geothermal belt of Lushan geothermal fields is as a result of primary thermal control and heat conduction structures of the near east-west Checun-Xiatang deep fault as well as secondary thermal control and heat conduction structures of near north-east and north-west secondary faults; and annual recoverable geothermal energy of whole geothermal field is 4.41 × 1011 MJ. The research results will be beneficial for the development and utilization of Lushan hot springs. At the same time, it also provides reference for more geothermal research.
Keywords: geothermal spring; geological structure; geophysics; heat source; heat transfer mechanism geothermal spring; geological structure; geophysics; heat source; heat transfer mechanism
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Q.; Bin, Z.; Xu, Y.; Luo, S.; Zhao, L.; Qian, J. Geological Formation Mechanism and Thermal Resources Assessment of Geothermal Spring in Lushan County, China. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 592.

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