Next Article in Journal
Applying Statistical Analysis and Machine Learning for Modeling the UCS from P-Wave Velocity, Density and Porosity on Dry Travertine
Previous Article in Journal
Investigation of the Influence of Liquid Motion in a Flow-based System on an Enzyme Aggregation State with an Atomic Force Microscopy Sensor: The Effect of Water Flow
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Social Life Cycle Assessment Framework for Additive Manufacturing Products
Open AccessArticle

A Study on Identification of Development Status of MASS Technologies and Directions of Improvement

1
Korea Institute of Maritime and Fisheries Technology (KIMFT), 367 Haeyang-ro, Busan 49111, Korea
2
Korea Center for International Maritime Safety Cooperation (KMC), 492 Hannuri-daero, Sejong 30103, Korea
3
Department of Maritime Operations, University of South-Eastern Norway (USN), 215 Raveien, 3184 Vestfold, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(13), 4564; https://doi.org/10.3390/app10134564
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 23 June 2020 / Accepted: 29 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Industrial Engineering and Management: Current Issues and Trends)
The introduction of the maritime autonomous surface ship (MASS) to the maritime industry will open up a new era and bring about a new paradigm shift in terms of cost efficiency, maritime accidents, and human resources. Various studies are currently being conducted to realize the MASS. Understanding the scope and direction of these studies will be of great help for future MASS research. In this study, the current development status of technologies for autonomous ships is identified, and considerations and directions of improvement are suggested for six major research fields that cover all technological issues of MASS. Firstly, the results of the regulatory scoping exercise (RSE) on the International Maritime Organization (IMO) conventions to accept MASSs are identified; in particular, human elements are identified as vital issues to be considered for the design and operation of MASSs. Secondly, various studies on the decision-making system are identified, and the future direction is suggested. Thirdly, in terms of ship design and propulsion system, design changes for autonomous cargo ships are investigated, with their potential impacts to be considered. Fourthly, the communication system will need to be robust and supported by multiple systems to minimize potential risk with third-party infrastructures, and suitable protection of systems, networks, and data will be required as an integral part of the safety system for cybersecurity. Fifthly, issues of maintenance and repair are identified, with a maintenance strategy to be considered. Lastly, hazard analysis of the autonomous ship is explored, and system-theoretic process analysis (STPA) and the functional resonance analysis method (FRAM) are identified as the most representative new methods that can be used for hazard analysis of autonomous ships. View Full-Text
Keywords: maritime autonomous surface ships (MASSs); autonomous vessels; shore control center (SCC); regulatory scoping exercise (RSE); human elements; risk assessment; HAZID maritime autonomous surface ships (MASSs); autonomous vessels; shore control center (SCC); regulatory scoping exercise (RSE); human elements; risk assessment; HAZID
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Chae, C.-J.; Kim, M.; Kim, H.-J. A Study on Identification of Development Status of MASS Technologies and Directions of Improvement. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 4564.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop