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Open AccessArticle

The Cognitive Profile of People with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders

1
Department of Speech and Language Pathology, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 15459-13487, Iran
2
Institute of Nursing and Health Research, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland BT37 0QB, UK
3
Department of Basic Sciences, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 15459-13487, Iran
4
Department of Psychology, School of Education and Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran 1993893973, Iran
5
Department of Speech and Language Pathology, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 11489-65111, Iran
6
Division of Diagnosis and Prevention, Iranian Special Education Organization, Tehran 1416935684, Iran
7
Autism Rehabilitation Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran 1514945311, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Behav. Sci. 2019, 9(2), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs9020020
Received: 7 January 2019 / Revised: 12 February 2019 / Accepted: 15 February 2019 / Published: 20 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Autism and Developmental Disabilities)
Several studies have examined the cognitive profile of people with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders (ASD) (IQ > 70), and its relationship with the symptoms of ASD and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV (WISC-IV). However, no data exist on the similarities or differences in this profile in less affluent countries. The present study examined the cognitive profile and its relationship with the symptoms of ASD and ADHD in 30 subjects aged 6–16 years with high-functioning ASD and compared the results with those of 30 typically developing (TD) subjects. In line with previous research findings, the WISC-IV cognitive profile analysis of subjects with high-functioning ASD showed a good competence in Matrix Reasoning and weaknesses in Comprehension, but the main distinguishing point was the competence in processing speed in both groups. In the present study, the Verbal Comprehension Index correlated negatively with the communication symptoms, and the Working Memory Index correlated positively with the social symptoms in the ASD group. Given the similarities that exist between the results of the present research and previous studies, it may be concluded that there are similarities in the cognitive profile of individuals with ASD. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism spectrum disorders; ASD; intelligence; WISC-IV; ADHD; Cognition autism spectrum disorders; ASD; intelligence; WISC-IV; ADHD; Cognition
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Rabiee, A.; Samadi, S.A.; Vasaghi-Gharamaleki, B.; Hosseini, S.; Seyedin, S.; Keyhani, M.; Mahmoodizadeh, A.; Ranjbar Kermani, F. The Cognitive Profile of People with High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders. Behav. Sci. 2019, 9, 20.

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