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Open AccessReview

Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adolescents: eHealth, Co-Creation, and Advocacy

1
Westmead Applied Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia
2
Prevention Research Collaboration, Charles Perkins Centre, Sydney School of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia
3
The George Institute for Global Health, The University of New South Wales, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Med. Sci. 2019, 7(2), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/medsci7020034
Received: 18 January 2019 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 20 February 2019 / Published: 24 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue e-Health in Cardiovascular Medicine)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally. Early atherosclerotic changes can begin to occur early in life and though adolescence. The prevalence of modifiable CVD risk factors, namely, smoking, poor diet quality, excessive alcohol intake, physical inactivity, and overweight and obesity can exacerbate the early onset of atherosclerosis. There is a need to improve modifiable risk factors during adolescence to prevent progression to CVD in later life. Electronic health (eHealth) behaviour change interventions are a potential solution for adolescents to improve CVD risk factors, given adolescents are digital frontrunners and digital technology is wide-reaching. The process of co-creating eHealth behaviour change interventions with adolescents is a promising strategy to improve intervention effectiveness and engagement. Additionally, effective youth advocacy is an emerging strategy for CVD prevention in adolescents. This narrative review evaluates published eHealth behaviour change interventions targeting cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents, which utilize a co-creation process, describe the emerging role of advocacy in CVD prevention for adolescents and provide recommendations for future interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent; cardiovascular disease; co-creation; eHealth; advocacy; risk factors adolescent; cardiovascular disease; co-creation; eHealth; advocacy; risk factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Raeside, R.; Partridge, S.R.; Singleton, A.; Redfern, J. Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adolescents: eHealth, Co-Creation, and Advocacy. Med. Sci. 2019, 7, 34.

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